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Article title matches

  1. Debate: Resolved: The abuse of illegal drugs ought to be treated as a matter of public health, not of criminal justice. (2,452 bytes)
  2. Argument: Public calls for capital punishment must be met to uphold justice (2,122 bytes)
    4: ...pointed by a lesser ruling, develops a sense that justice has not been served. The Deontological "virtue" a...
    5: ...ce into their own hands, that a form of vigilante justice and anarchy may ensue, and that this is a reason ...
  3. Argument: Rejecting calls for capital punishment risks inciting vigilante justice (734 bytes)
    4: ...wn the seeds of anarchy - of self-help, vigilante justice and lynch law."
  4. Argument: Proportional justice risks justifying extreme punishment such as torture (3,432 bytes)
    15: ... do not burn the arsonist or rape the rapist? Our justice system does not provide for such punishments beca...
    18: ... do not burn the arsonist or rape the rapist? Our justice system does not provide for such punishments beca...
  5. Argument:Proportional justice risks leading to extreme forms of punishment such as torture to make sure they fit the crime (96 bytes)
    1: #REDIRECT [[Argument: Proportional justice risks justifying extreme punishment such as tortu...
  6. Argument: Costs of capital punishment are irrelevant to justice (2,020 bytes)
    12: ...ious at best, this argument deserves no response. Justice isn't up for sale to the lowest bidder."
    15: ...tary costs are trumped by the importance of doing justice.
  7. Argument:The commandment "Thou shall not kill" should be interpreted as "thou shall not murder", leaving room for capital punishment as a form of justice (75 bytes)
  8. Position:Clarence Thomas, US Supreme Court Justice, advocates "color-blind" policies (1,317 bytes)
    6: ...t benevolence, not pity, not sympathy, but simply justice. The American people have always been anxious to ...
  9. Argument: Plea bargains are a necessary way to relieve an over-strained justice system (2,554 bytes)
    5: ...em; it's unfair to a lot of people who want their justice done right now. So you do the best you can, becau...
    7: ...apse if every case that was filed in the criminal justice system were to be set for trial."
    11: *'''Buckle, Suzann R. Thomas. Bargaining for Justice: case disposition and reform in the criminal cour...
  10. Argument: Plea bargaining in exchange for testimony is the best way to achieve broader justice and desert (905 bytes)
    7: ... matter. This is a good example of broader social justice or due desert being achieved through plea bargain...
  11. Argument: Upholding justice trumps the benefits of plea bargains (1,432 bytes)
    6: ...ations.[http://decorabilia.blogspot.com/2007/10/mcjustice-and-plea-bargaining.html\]
  12. Should our legal system be defined by phiosophical justice or moral justice? (48 bytes)
  13. Resolved: In a democracy, civil disobedience is an appropriate weapon in the fight for justice (32,951 bytes)
    22: ...nst a commitment to nonviolence at the expense of justice, see Peter Gelderloos, [http://www.amazon.com/exe...
    32: ...ed on as a form of government unlikely to promote justice. In the [http://www.constitution.org/fed/federa1...
    36: ...r which it would be a justified form of political justice. For instance, many supporters of civil disobedi...
    55: ===Fight for Justice===
    56: ...o matter how well designed a political system is, justice will not always be the short term result of the p...
  14. Argument: The monarchy inspires justice, honor, and duty in Australia (735 bytes)
    5: ...s an important symbolic role too: as "fountain of justice and honour"; guardian of the integrity of the arm...
  15. Argument:When the public demands capital punishment it must be executed to maintain a sense of justice being served (89 bytes)
    1: ...alls for capital punishment must be met to uphold justice]]
  16. Argument: Prisoner voting would undermine the public's sense of justice (935 bytes)
  17. Argument: ICC can balance need for justice and practical peace (2,374 bytes)
    5: ...playstory.cfm?story_id=12777952 "A middle way for justice in Sudan". The Economist. 11 Dec. 2008] - EVER si...
  18. Argument: US opposition to ICC impairs action and justice in Sudan (2,114 bytes)
    6: ...ainst thousands in lawless regions where national justice fails. The court, entering its seventh year of wo...
    9: ...stice_op_ed/ Eric Reeves. "Obama, Darfur, and ICC justice". Christian Science Monitor. 24 Nov. 2008] - The ...
  19. Argument: Guantanamo is inconsistent with American principles of justice (5,587 bytes)
    6: ...iny in a real court of law. It is a clear case of justice denied.
    16: ...laberson reported in The Times yesterday that the Justice Department had asked a federal appeals court to r...
    20: Perhaps the most outrageous of the Justice Department's proposals would allow government off...
    24: The Justice Department also said lawyers had no right to dema...
  20. Plea bargaining in exchange for testimony is the best way to achieve broader justice and desert (119 bytes)
    1: ... for testimony is the best way to achieve broader justice and desert]]
  21. Debate: Justice delayed is justice denied (3,217 bytes)
    4: === Is justice delayed justice denied? ===
    25: I would like to mention that only when justice is provided instantaneously the crime rates will ...
    26: people will hesitate to fight for justice...
    28: ...In this century everything is fast moving but why justice alone is delayed...
    29: ... perfect... so why there is a delay for providing justice..
  22. Debate: justice delayed is justice denied (55 bytes)
    1: #REDIRECT [[Debate: Justice delayed is justice denied]]
  23. Argument: Affirmative action achieves justice by compensating groups for past wrongs (84 bytes)
  24. Argument: Instant replay ensures fan/player feelings of justice, over anger (1,143 bytes)
  25. Argument: Instant replay ensures fan/player feelings of justice (89 bytes)
    1: ...nt: Instant replay ensures fan/player feelings of justice, over anger]]
  26. Argument: Graduated response does not achieve any greater justice (1,004 bytes)
    5: ...e is a serious danger that justice, and access to justice, will be undermined."
  27. Argument: Detaining KSM after acquittal would undermine justice (489 bytes)
  28. Argument: Allowing 9/11 victims to see terrorists on trial helps justice (441 bytes)
    5: ...al pain, one of the advances in the U.S. criminal justice system is giving victims a place at trial and a c...
  29. Argument: Justice of reneging AIG bonuses would be worth costs (721 bytes)
    5: ...the public satisfaction at seeing what feels like justice being served will be great. Getting all worked up...
  30. Argument: Allowing AIG bonuses undermines confidence in justice system (632 bytes)
  31. Argument: ICC justice offers more lasting peace than ad hoc courts (545 bytes)
    4: ...ous human rights violations are held accountable. Justice helps promote lasting peace, enables victims to r...

Page text matches

  1. Debate: Assassination of a Dictator (58,310 bytes)
    53: ...tyrants guilty of terrorising their own people to justice, then assassination can be justified. And the exa...
    61: ... Milosevic on trial, and Saddam Hussein is facing justice in Iraq. The International Criminal Court now pro...
    117: *'''If tyrants can't be brought to justice, assassination is a good idea.''' Tyranny and opp...
  2. Duino 2007 (5,095 bytes)
    25: ...ic reparations for their country’s historical injustices]].
    29: ...uccessor governments ought to pursue transitional justice through truth and reconciliation commissions rath...
    53: ...ic reparations for their country’s historical injustices]].
    57: ...uccessor governments ought to pursue transitional justice through truth and reconciliation commissions rath...
  3. Debate: War in Afghanistan (20,517 bytes)
    28: ...ties and should be overthrown in the interests of justice and global peace.
  4. Debate: African Union (9,753 bytes)
    11: ...t is to have a pan-African parliament, a court of justice, a central bank and a shared currency. Already, t...
  5. Debate: Lowering sexual age of consent laws (16,287 bytes)
    48: ...nal sentence – to do it? It is contrary to both justice and common sense for people who have merely had c...
    51: ...utonomy. The argument that these laws may cause injustice to someone who truly thought his partner was abov...
  6. Debate: Anarchism (45,551 bytes)
    155: ..., there is the words of John Jay (the first chief justice of the Supreme Court), namely that "the people wh...
    161: ... in the interest of that minority), and courts of justice (established mainly for the defence of authority ...
    180: ...tional excess of feeling by the sight of social injustice and sorrow for others' sorrow.
  7. Debate: Anti-Social Behaviour Orders (ASBOS) (9,949 bytes)
    55: ...each along with another offence). This brings the justice system into disrepute. It doesn’t seem to matte...
    58: Of course, some ASBOs fail. But no aspect of the justice system has a 100% success rate, and by their natu...
    94: ...1111/interntionaldeba/104-5333130-0270319 Rougher Justice: Anti-social Behaviour and Young People] : Peter ...
  8. Debate: Attorney-Client Privilege (16,793 bytes)
    22: ...he attorney-client privilege uphold principles of justice? ===
    27: ...ive access to legal help, and therefore access to justice.
    34: ...too poor afford it. That is the true ‘access to justice’ problem in the legal system.
    64: ...lace – in other words, leading to the access to justice problem.
    88: ...r ‘public interest’ or ‘in the interests of justice’ balancing exceptions to the privilege. One suc...
  9. Debate: Random sobriety tests for drivers (27,134 bytes)
    30: ...al Constitution. The reasoning by six of the nine justices was that driving a car is a dangerous and regula...
    51: ... breach of rights.''' Dissenting US Supreme Court justices argued in a case that struck down an effort to b...
    53: ...ral of British Columbia and a member of the House justice committee: "I wouldn’t want the east side of Va...
    55: ... presumption that there is never a miscarriage of justice by the authorities. If we remove Charter protecti...
    79: ...fective than alternative measures.''' The federal Justice Department of Canada moved to implement Random Br...
  10. Debate: Is bribery ever acceptable? (10,898 bytes)
    23: ...r citizens who need medical service and access to justice.
    95: [[Category:Justice]]
  11. Debate: Cameras in courtrooms (16,965 bytes)
    11: ...nnel dedicated to showing footage of the criminal justice system. Famously, the whole of the murder trial o...
    26: ...nciple cannot properly be applied to the criminal justice system. Although the identity of alleged victims ...
    43: ...lic confidence in the judiciary and the system of justice as a whole. It is difficult to see how the public...
    46: ...dicts will not inspire confidence in the criminal justice system.
    76: ...rdicts would require a revolution in the criminal justice system. The jury would effectively have to be abo...
  12. Debate: Death penalty (106,184 bytes)
    1: ...urder, espionage, treason, or as part of military justice. In some countries sexual crimes, such as rape, a...
    12: ...urder, espionage, treason, or as part of military justice. In some countries sexual crimes, such as rape, a...
    18: ...ufficient punishment? Is the idea of proportional justice a slippery slope to abusive forms of punishment? ...
    22: ...ly or a public desires capital punishment to see "justice done", is it important for the law to grant these...
    45: ...sert: Are executions sometimes required to uphold justice/due desert? ===
  13. Debate: Graduated response antipiracy laws (35,827 bytes)
    60: ...e is a serious danger that justice, and access to justice, will be undermined."
  14. Debate: Capitalism vs socialism (112,994 bytes)
    52: ..._2?ie=UTF8&qid=1264531316&sr=1-2-catcorr Economic Justice and Democracy] by Robin Hahnel.
    169: ..._2?ie=UTF8&qid=1264531316&sr=1-2-catcorr Economic Justice and Democracy] by Robin Hahnel. For more analysis...
    188: ...against such abuses, which can range from minor injustices to full-blown human-rights violations.
    207: ..._2?ie=UTF8&qid=1264531316&sr=1-2-catcorr Economic Justice and Democracy] by Robin Hahnel for a more economi...
    221: ...fit and none will go without. This ensures social justice.
  15. Argument: Market prices do not reflect externalities (1,495 bytes)
    6: ..._2?ie=UTF8&qid=1264531316&sr=1-2-catcorr Economic Justice and Democracy] by Robin Hahnel
  16. Debate: Child Curfews (12,955 bytes)
    117: ...gov.uk/courts/orders/localchildcurfews.html Youth Justice Board: Orders: Local Child Curfews]
  17. Carbon Emissions: Cap-and-trade versus Carbon Tax (arguments) (22,183 bytes)
    180: ...de system better uphold democratic principles and justice? ===
  18. Debate: Strict punishment of child offenders (8,815 bytes)
    11: Juvenile justice is the area of criminal law applicable to persons...
    25: The primary purpose of a justice is the prevention of crime and the protection of ...
    78: ... Law Information Service: An Overview of Juvenile Justice]
    79: ...l Criminal Justice Reference Service – Juvenile Justice]
    83: ...eba/104-5333130-0270319 School Crime and Juvenile Justice] : Richard Lawrence
  19. Debate: Is a little corruption acceptable in developing countries? (10,293 bytes)
    54: ...able to the whole population, such as healthcare, justice and fair treatment from those in authority, corru...
  20. Debate: Detention on the grounds of mental illness (16,163 bytes)
    39: ...with DSPD fall through a gap between the criminal justice system and the healthcare system – they cannot ...
    129: ...ed structural problems which may lead to racial injustices in psychiatric diagnosis. Racial inequality in m...
  21. Debate: Cancellation of developing world debt (18,017 bytes)
    130: ...ive Step Forward". US Network for Global Economic Justice. 21 Jun. 2005. ]
  22. Debate: European Federalisation (11,645 bytes)
    11: ...w and order, infrastructure, and the taxation and justice systems required to support these, as the states ...
  23. Debate: European Union Expansion (21,730 bytes)
    103: ...king, action.''' e.g. the Commission and Court of Justice, endangering their effective working and the curr...
  24. Debate: Falkland Islands, return of (74,846 bytes)
    49: ...d taking the matter to the International Court of Justice, attempting to use the 'veto' excuse. This of cou...
    284: ...government has avoided the International Court of Justice on the issue despite using them for a recent disp...
    310: ...ispute to mediation at the International Court of Justice in the Hague (1947, 1948 and 1955), on each occas...
    357: ...are legitimate.''' It would be recognition of the justice of Argentina’s claim and the illegality of Brit...
    362: ...t taking the matter to the International Court of Justice like Cameroon did against Britain in 1971. The id...
  25. Debate: Gay marriage (89,659 bytes)
    465: *[http://www.nbjcoalition.org/ National Black Justice Coalition] - Gay African-Americans
  26. Debate: International Criminal Court (69,786 bytes)
    30: ...rld where all may survive and thrive in peace and justice. [...] We must work tirelessly for ratification o...
    32: ...] A court on its own cannot bring either peace or justice."
    36: ...ous human rights violations are held accountable. Justice helps promote lasting peace, enables victims to r...
    45: ...y. 14 Nov. 2002] - "it is by no means clear that "justice" as defined by the Court and Prosecutor is always...
    64: ...ide]]''' [http://www.amnestyusa.org/international_justice/pdf/IJA_Factsheet_1_International_Criminal_Court....
  27. Debate: Preservation of languages (11,467 bytes)
    48: ... unity is undermined, so too is individual social justice. Moreover, the risk of ethnic conflict is increas...
  28. Debate: Marriage is outdated (10,701 bytes)
    38: .... We are frequently disillusioned by the criminal justice system when it fails, but this does not mean we d...
  29. Debate: Breaking up Microsoft (13,235 bytes)
    11: ... suggest breaking up Microsoft, although the U.S. Justice Department abandoned such a goal in 2001.
    82: ... and this is the reason that the US Department of Justice dropped its case against the firm. Indeed the I.T...
  30. Debate: Pacifism (7,491 bytes)
    48: ...be done in combating an aggressor and maintaining justice. In this situation it is our moral duty to resist...
  31. Debate: Electronic tagging of pedophiles (11,840 bytes)
    105: ...orking/homeoffice/probation_tagging.html Criminal Justice System: Electronic Tagging]
  32. Debate: Pardoning soldiers executed for offences during World War I (13,235 bytes)
    35: ... way to recognise that there were miscarriages of justice.
  33. Debate: Preventive war (10,604 bytes)
    58: ...uation and put in danger the peace, security, and justice that states have tried to preserve since the UN w...
  34. Debate: Catholic priest celibacy (31,054 bytes)
    29: ...ant contradiction to Jesus' teachings of Love and Justice. No less remarkable is that the Catholic Church e...
  35. Debate: Prisoners right to vote (36,422 bytes)
    32: ...meet the test for what's considered "reasonable." Justice McLachlin wrote, "The wholesale disenfranchisemen...
    47: ...nd many people will see it as making a mockery of justice".[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/4316148.stm]...
  36. Debate: Progressive tax vs. flat tax (75,809 bytes)
    129: ...ore taxes, but aren't given more voting power.''' Justice in representation. Economic equity is sometimes u...
    169: ...ame of social justice, then both freedom and true justice will be lost. Progressive taxation is not a virtu...
  37. Debate: Prostitution (36,860 bytes)
    245: ...iness that are related to sex. And it does not do justice to the political economy to undermine other econo...
  38. Debate: Rehabilitation vs retribution (16,710 bytes)
    3: ===Should the justice system focus on rehabilitation over retribution?=...
    11: ...de for sentences and other agents in the criminal justice system?
    33: *'''Retributive justice replaces the interests of society with ideology.'...
    40: ...ion’) so important? Because unless the criminal justice system responds to persons who have violated soci...
    42: ...ords, may be justified by the aim of achieving ‘justice’ and ‘desert’, and not by the aim of rehabi...
  39. Argument: 1st and 2nd clauses of 2nd amendment guarantee militia and individual gun rights (966 bytes)
    5: ... vs. Heller. Justice Scalia. March l8th, 2008] - "JUSTICE SCALIA: I don't see how there's any, any, any con...
  40. Argument: English Bill of Rights restricted right to arms (509 bytes)
    4: ... arguments in DC vs. Heller. March 19th, 2008] - "JUSTICE GINSBURG: If we're going back to the English Bill...
  41. Debate: Religious belief (17,270 bytes)
    130: ...ity, wisdom, equality, and social justice. Social justice is at the heart of the Christian gospel.
  42. Debate: Republic vs monarchy in the UK (11,228 bytes)
    26: ... an elected politician or appointed supreme court justice.
  43. Debate: Road Map to Middle East Peace (11,489 bytes)
    49: The desire of each side to achieve “justice”, by destroying the aspirations of the other si...
    52: There is no justice in the Road Map. It does not punish Israel for th...
  44. Debate: Restricting Russian oligarchy (12,775 bytes)
    65: ...s exercise with little real impact. Not only does justice demand that past crimes are investigated and pros...
  45. Debate: Schengen Agreement (14,112 bytes)
    68: ..., and one that is managed through the traditional justice and home affairs legislation within the Union fra...
    71: ...recognized rights to shape their own security and justice affairs. Unlike the continental members of the EU...
    112: ...5333130-0270319 The Area of Freedom, Security and Justice in an Enlarged Europ] : Karen Henderson
  46. Debate: Naming and shaming of sex offenders (11,206 bytes)
    28: ... as a society revert back to mob rule in place of justice.
    50: ...s rate and the speed at which they are brought to justice. It would also provide a strong deterrent against...
    98: ...19 Acts of Abuse : Sex Offenders and The Criminal Justice System] : Adam Sampson
    105: ... States] : Tracy Velazquez, the Vera Institute of Justice
  47. Debate: Reparations for slavery (17,943 bytes)
    25: ...oesn’t cease to be true over time – truth and justice don’t have sell-by dates. The most important th...
    155: ...ibility for the Past: Reparation and Historical Injustice] : Janna Thompson
  48. Debate: Ban on spanking children (16,082 bytes)
    34: ...ng thousands of well-intentioned parents into the justice system. In 2003 84 per cent of the 170, 000 child...
  49. Debate: Socialist Europe (16,686 bytes)
    11: ...iberals and conservatives), and notions of social justice. “Within the EU context, Social Europe consists...
    29: ...s employment, pensions, education, healthcare and justice, many of which were seen to follow directly from ...
  50. Debate: Three strikes law (9,183 bytes)
    11: ...ans in the USA became concerned that the criminal justice system had become inconsistent across the country...
    23: One of the fundamental principles of criminal justice is that the punishment should fit the crime. That...
    26: ... These laws prevent inconsistency in the criminal justice system.
    36: ...cretion that they have been given by the criminal justice system. Too often, judges have imposed light sent...
    46: ...ese citizens are not protected by "revolving door justice", which allows criminals back on the street after...
  51. Debate: Truth and Reconciliation Commissions (12,921 bytes)
    27: ... Sierra Leone), but these may be seen as victor's justice, or as imposed from outside by the international ...
    30: ...be warlords and dictators at home and abroad that justice will not be denied; the easy assumption of amnest...
    48: ...does not seek retributive justice but restorative justice, which gives value to the victims of conflict and...
    84: * [http://www.ijr.org.za/ Institute for Justice and Reconciliation]
    91: ... and Reconciliation Commission of South Africa] : Justice Richard Goldstone
  52. Debate: Should only democracies have a vote in the UN General Assembly? (16,273 bytes)
    13: ...the UN Secretariat and the International Court of Justice. It is made up of all member states. Voting in th...
  53. Debate: Should the US permit its soldiers to serve as UN troops? (15,156 bytes)
    38: ...ally, the USA can do more to promote the cause of justice for war crimes and human rights violations by bei...
  54. Debate: Universal Jurisdiction (10,969 bytes)
    25: ...anity offend against basic and universal norms of justice. Therefore, all people have an interest in seeing...
    36: ...ose who commit atrocities will never be safe from justice and punishment.
    47: ...ual states cannot always be relied upon to pursue justice. Many states do not attempt to pursue certain wro...
    50: ...fairness. The system would also warp the domestic justice system, for example by attracting some of its bes...
    58: ...tries, especially in the developing world, lack a justice system which is either effective or receives prop...
  55. Debate: Is the US harmful to world stability? (7,386 bytes)
    27: ...he way in which it has acted to promote peace and justice. The Kosovo war, in which America acted to halt a...
    37: ... American commitment towards liberty, freedom and justice has been an overwhelming force for the good. As l...
  56. Debate: Should aboriginals be treated differently under the law? (8,738 bytes)
    7: ...gling with issues of self-government and criminal justice.
  57. Debate: Partial-birth abortion (42,646 bytes)
    94: ...cedure. [http://reason.com/news/show/119833.html] Justice Gin
  58. Debate: ASEAN, abolition of (11,195 bytes)
    13: ...l peace and stability through abiding respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship among cou...
  59. Debate: Assisted suicide (71,593 bytes)
    49: ...sked for certain, highly valuable ends (security, justice, discovery). The question with euthanasia, theref...
  60. Debate: Is China a threat to international stability? (19,198 bytes)
    77: ...g proceeded against in the International Court of Justice for acting without UN support. However, the cruci...
  61. Debate: Civil disobedience (15,958 bytes)
    13: ...ncide, individuals have the obligation to promote justice by disobeying the law. Civil disobedience was a m...
    37: ...iable. Martin Luther King, for example, held that justice demanded that unjust laws (i.e. segregation laws)...
    58: ...e as the government, and there is no guarantee of justice. And in any case, challenging an unjust law in co...
    94: ...'Civil disobedience has a history of overcoming injustices.''' For example, Ghandi’s civil disobedience w...
    150: ...edience is an appropriate weapon in the fight for justice]]
  62. Debate: Corporal punishment of adults (7,400 bytes)
    60: ...comparison with the USA; let the results of their justice system speak for themselves.[http://www.idebate.o...
  63. Debate: Covenant marriage (15,391 bytes)
    28: ... husbands abusing their former spouses.''' A 1991 Justice Department study concluded that current husbands/...
  64. Debate: Should "date rape" be a lower offense than rape? (10,327 bytes)
    105: [[Category:Justice]]
  65. Debate: DNA database of criminals (16,061 bytes)
    25: ...atabase help improve the accuracy of the criminal justice system?===
    34: ...thus assist in reversing previous miscarriages of justice.[http://www.idebate.org/debatabase/topic_details....
    40: ...ental in establishing the miscarriages of British justice in the 1970s, but might now serve to create misca...
    63: ...issue is properly the price that we should put on justice. The electoral rhetoric of ‘law and order’ su...
    66: ...c resources:''' Public confidence in the criminal justice system will neither be improved by requiring them...
  66. Debate: Double Jeopardy Rule, Abolition of (15,664 bytes)
    13: ...r after his acquittal. Spurred on by former Chief Justice Sir Anthony Mason, who favours reform, Australian...
    34: ..., or because the perpetrator has managed to evade justice in the past. The criteria by which the decision t...
    36: ...ir favour and against the victims that so deserve justice - why should victims suffer because evidence didn...
    43: '''It's more important that a justice system provide is a clear result:''' The proposit...
    58: ...then that system has broken down. Victims deserve justice and it is an insult to them, and all of us, to se...
  67. Debate: Drug testing in schools (10,481 bytes)
    38: ...rinciple of innocent until proven guilty.''' Most justice systems hold to the notion of innocence until pro...
  68. Debate: Prohibition of flag burning (19,392 bytes)
    76: ...signed to offend these ideals. The learned jurist Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes warned that "a page of hist...
  69. Debate: Gambling (22,743 bytes)
    103: ...yle gambling activities inflict upon the criminal justice system, the social welfare, system, small busines...
  70. Argument: Burglars often break into houses to steal guns (1,045 bytes)
    4: ...pty house is a lure. A 1973 study by the Criminal Justice Coordinating Council of New York City estimates t...
  71. Argument: Citizen gun ownership acts as a deterrent against criminals (812 bytes)
    4: ...titutions/dp/0202305481 The National Institute of Justice sponsored: Sheley & Wright, "In the Line of Fire"...
  72. Argument: "Guns don’t kill people – people kill people" (12,332 bytes)
    15: ...criminal record with many prior contacts with the justice system."[48] ''Thus homicide – [whether] of a s...
  73. Debate: Hate crime laws (22,544 bytes)
    232: ...cy makers guide to hate crimes." US Department of Justice. 1999.]
  74. Debate: Criminalization of Holocaust denial (32,403 bytes)
    36: ...Holocaust victims| Holocaust deniers do further injustice to Holocaust victims]]''' David Matas, Senior Cou...
    57: ...l, but neither should there be what Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis called the "silence coerced by law...
  75. Debate: Ban on human reproductive cloning (52,842 bytes)
    66: ...utrage - can be used for good - outrage against injustice. Similarly, even something we typically associate...
    162: ...t Say No To Human Cloning". The Center for Public Justice. March 18, 1997] - "Let's allow science to move f...
    320: ...l organizations work for environmental and social justice and are deeply concerned about the pollution burd...
  76. Debate: Immunity from prosecution for politicians (14,095 bytes)
    23: ...or politicians consistent with the need to uphold justice?===
    28: ... fully prosecuted, accountability maintained, and justice served.[http://www.idebate.org/debatabase/topic_d...
    39: ...harges are leveled due to evidence collection:''' Justice can only be truly excercised through a speedy pro...
    56: ...ment in the legal system, especially the criminal justice system or in cases where there is some hint of mo...
    97: * [http://www.colby.edu/par/Winter%2098/Justice.htm A view on the Clinton case]
  77. Debate: Internment (19,479 bytes)
    56: ...ers to their cause in response to the perceived injustice. Similar responses can be seen to Guantanamo Bay ...
    121: ...s prejudice and convenience are likely to prevent justice being done.
    173: ...f the September 11 Attacks] <sup>US Department of Justice</sup>
  78. Debate: Dismantling the Israeli security wall (19,802 bytes)
    33: ...onal law in 2004]]:''' The International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the Hague was asked by the United Nation...
    163: ...idocket/imwp/imwpframe.htm International Court of Justice opinion]
  79. Debate: Should Japan remove limitations on its military? (12,902 bytes)
    12: ...ring sincerely to an international peace based on justice and order, the Japanese people forever renounce w...
  80. Debate: Election of judges (41,309 bytes)
    12: ...erland. In the United States, while Supreme Court justices are appointed without elections, many states wit...
    84: ...g to make a drastic improvement in the quality of justice in state courts around the nation. All you need t...
    96: ...n 181 civil cases between 1992 and 2006, the nine justices have been significantly influenced by campaign d...
    125: ...ch.[http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/justice/howdid/]
    161: ... have typically been enemy territory. [...] Today Justice Lloyd Karmeier is undoubtedly more recognized by ...
  81. Debate: Mandatory sentencing (11,676 bytes)
    13: ...tries employ a system of ‘mandatory restorative justice’, whereby the criminal has to apologise to the ...
    42: ...uld restore an element of democratic faith in the justice system, and encourage reporting of relatively min...
    46: *'''Democratic justice is not necessarily a good thing:''' Studies have ...
    55: ...e consistency and thus increase confidence in the justice system. At present juries do not know about a def...
    78: ...y restorative justice: Does mandatory restorative justice a positive step forward?===
  82. Debate: Life without parole for juveniles (3,826 bytes)
    39: ...o Hard Time: Young Children in the Adult Criminal Justice System", Michele Deitch et.al., Austin, TX: The U...
  83. Debate: Should the world continue to prosecute Nazi war criminals? (8,941 bytes)
    17: ===Serving justice: Can justice be further served by prosecuting WWII war crimina...
    22: ...criminals, or we are seemly allowing that fleeing justice is a valid option for avoiding prosecution. No le...
    29: ...s reason, there is little remaining potential for justice to be furthered.
    99: ...26X/interntionaldeba/104-5333130-0270319 Phoenix: Justice Delayed: How Britain Became a Refuge for Nazi War...
    110: [[Category:Justice]]
  84. Featured Debate Digest articles (38,646 bytes)
    236: ...ilitation vs Retribution]]''' Should the criminal justice system focus more on rehabilitation than retribut...
  85. Debate: Prohibition of school prayer (17,936 bytes)
    13: ...ercise of religion. On behalf of the Court, Chief Justice Warren in Brown v. Board of Education (‘Brown I...
    76: ...overnment and degrade religion": Engel v. Vitale. Justice Black expounded in this case the unfortunate hist...
    84: ...rian prayer at morning assembly. In the dictum of Justice Douglas: "The constitutional standard is the sepa...
  86. Debate: Castration of sex offenders (30,392 bytes)
    53: ...f the treatment of sex offenders."[http://criminaljustice.change.org/blog/view/castrating_sex_offenders]
    94: ...ions are not so voluntary, and they're ripe for injustice - torture on one side of coin and a long sentence...
    112: ... castration." Washington Monthly. May 1994]: "Our justice system, by releasing criminals like me into commu...
    121: ...ot limited to the Czech Republic."[http://criminaljustice.change.org/blog/view/castrating_sex_offenders]
    229: *[http://criminaljustice.change.org/blog/view/castrating_sex_offenders Mat...
  87. Debate: Turkey EU membership (43,852 bytes)
    62: ...ith a predominantly Muslim population.''' The new Justice and Development Party (AK) government is not seek...
    89: ...powers have been curbed and the administration of justice strengthened, due partly to the dismantling of st...
  88. Debate: DREAM Act (25,069 bytes)
    98: ...er spending, tax revenue, and savings on criminal justice and health care costs over the next decade."
    124: ... 'Why we support the DREAM Act'." Immigrant Youth Justice League. December 1, 2010]
    152: ...hy we support the DREAM Act.” Immigration Youth Justice League. December 1, 2010]
  89. Debate: Zero tolerance law (15,036 bytes)
    146: [[Category:Justice]]
  90. Debate: Fairness Doctrine (36,545 bytes)
    47: ...lps advance free speech values]]''' Supreme Court Justice Byron White wrote: “There is no sanctuary in th...
  91. Debate: Torture (36,456 bytes)
    239: ...n Yoo advocates a role for torture]]'''. A former Justice Department adviser that helped shape the Bush adm...
  92. Debate: Single-payer universal health care (83,946 bytes)
    5: ...hile such a system has the ability to create more justice amongst social classes, it also has the ability t...
    22: ...hile such a system has the ability to create more justice amongst social classes, it also has the ability t...
  93. Argument: The death penalty upholds individual responsibility and dignity (3,196 bytes)
    4: ...py, or retribution, or getting even. It’s about justice and preserving the dignity of man."
  94. Argument: Universal health care lowers long-term health costs (2,810 bytes)
    8: ...A similar effect exists for SSDI and the criminal justice system, although to a smaller degree because most...
  95. Argument: The death penalty is proportional punishment/due desert for murder (4,193 bytes)
    5: ... You have overshot the mark. Mercy, detached from Justice, grows unmerciful."
    17: ... lesser punishment is a state sponsored murder of Justice.[http://www.capital-punishment.net/]
    19: ...s the society. And Capital Punishment is the only Justice that suits a murderer.
    22: ...ortion to the crime for justice to be served. And justice – not humanity – must be the cornerstone by w...
    24: ...It recognizes man’s natural sense of justice. It has been put down in man that the the most he...
  96. Debate: Estate tax in the United States (36,327 bytes)
    51: ...uld pay higher taxes?... What principle of social justice says that Frank should be penalized for his fruga...
  97. Argument: Unfair to over-tax individuals for building nest egg (1,359 bytes)
    5: ...uld pay higher taxes?... What principle of social justice says that Frank should be penalized for his fruga...
  98. Argument: Terrorists have no Geneva rights (627 bytes)
    7: ...or work in from 2001 to 2003 in the United States Justice Department's Office of Legal Counsel, [http://www...
  99. Debate: Death penalty for child rape (5,278 bytes)
    42: ...they have to get it on with a child? Where is the justice in that? What is so bad that a person must die an...
  100. Argument: Death penalty addresses crimes where victim can't be compensated (2,456 bytes)
    10: ...ple of our time? Do they receive full measure of justice (as cited in Isenberg, 1977, p. 129)?
  101. Argument: Public calls for capital punishment must be met to uphold justice (2,122 bytes)
    4: ...pointed by a lesser ruling, develops a sense that justice has not been served. The Deontological "virtue" a...
    5: ...ce into their own hands, that a form of vigilante justice and anarchy may ensue, and that this is a reason ...
  102. Argument: Rejecting calls for capital punishment risks inciting vigilante justice (734 bytes)
    4: ...wn the seeds of anarchy - of self-help, vigilante justice and lynch law."
  103. Argument: Death penalty effectively prevents murderers from killing again (4,649 bytes)
    17: ...ctor. "Death Penalty and Sentencing Information". Justice For All. 1 Oct 1997] - THE INCAPACITATION AND THE...
  104. Argument: State-sanctioned executions devalue the dignity of life (4,412 bytes)
    8: ...958260 William Brennan, former U.S. Supreme Court Justice. "What the Constitution Requires". New York Times...
    11: ... of the South African Constitutional Court, Chief Justice of the Republic of South Africa, said in a 1995 c...
    14: '''James G. Exum, former North Carolina Chief Justice. The News & Record 8 Mar. 2000''' - [Any death pe...
    21: ...hur J. Goldberg (1908-1990), former Supreme Court Justice, 1976.''' - The deliberate institutionalized taki...
    33: ...nity without the redeeming grace which comes from justice metered out swiftly, evenly, humanely.
  105. Argument: Wrongful executions cannot be corrected, violating due process (4,568 bytes)
    19: '''P. N. Bhagwati, former Chief Justice of India.''' - Death penalty is irrevocable; it c...
    22: ...ns: 1) Irreparability in the event of an error of justice, 2) Detrimental moral influence of the execution ...
    25: ...innocent person. We have just witnessed such an injustice with Bernard Webster, who was recently exonerated...
  106. Argument: Life in prison deters crime/murder as well as the death penalty (2,388 bytes)
    5: ...lp/Chaput05web.pdf Archbishop Charles J. Chaput, "Justice, Mercy, and Capital Punishment", 2005] - "The Cat...
  107. Argument: The death penalty is often motivated by discrimination (4,715 bytes)
    5: '''Byron R. White, former U.S. Supreme Court Justice, former U.S. Deputy Attorney General; Furman v. G...
    27: ...unishment would be administered with fairness and justice. Instead, the promise has become a cruel and empt...
    30: ...ultimately corrosive, for the reverberations of injustice are not so easily confined."[http://freenet-homep...
  108. Argument: Killing is never justified; the death penalty is no exception (1,561 bytes)
    11: '''Justice Samuel Kwadwo Asiamah, nominee to the Supreme Cou...
  109. Argument: Capital punishment is void of compassion (3,053 bytes)
    5: ...he definitive, irreparable measure that does an injustice to mankind as a who-le through failing to take in...
    14: ...lp/Chaput05web.pdf Archbishop Charles J. Chaput. "Justice, Mercy, and Capital Punishment". 2005] - "Killing...
  110. Argument: Proportional justice risks justifying extreme punishment such as torture (3,432 bytes)
    15: ... do not burn the arsonist or rape the rapist? Our justice system does not provide for such punishments beca...
    18: ... do not burn the arsonist or rape the rapist? Our justice system does not provide for such punishments beca...
  111. Argument: Mistaken convictions have not translated into wrongful executions (4,136 bytes)
    5: ... one of the most accurately administered criminal justice procedures in the world.
  112. Argument: Risk of executing innocent people undermines death penalty (9,288 bytes)
    5: ...ers, all who labor every day to make our criminal justice system work. But despite our best efforts, this s...
    8: '''P. N. Bhagwati, former Chief Justice of India.''' - It is impossible to eliminate the ...
    20: '''Moses W. Harrison, former Chief Justice of the Illinois Supreme Court, rule in People v. ...
    23: '''Lord Parker (1958-1971), Lord Chief Justice of England, 1966.''' - If statistics are any indi...
    56: ...ath penalty. There is no such thing as infallible justice and every execution could kill an innocent. Capit...
  113. Argument: Race is insignificant factor in death penalty cases (6,457 bytes)
    4: ... death sentences. According to the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, since the death penalty was reinstate...
    7: ...ks committed a majority of murders, the Bureau of Justice Statistics reports: “Since the death penalty wa...
    12: ...ks committed a majority of murders, the Bureau of Justice Statistics reports: "Since the death penalty was ...
    14: ...eath penalty proponents may consider this denying justice to black people.
  114. Argument: The poor are unfairly vulnerable to capital punishment (1,642 bytes)
    5: '''US Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.''' - People who are well rep...
    8: '''William O. Douglas, former U.S. Supreme Court Justice.''' - One searches in vain for the execution of a...
    11: ...r Governor of Michigan, former U.S. Supreme Court Justice, condemning the execution of Anthony Chebatoris.'...
  115. Argument: Capital punishment is peformed arbitrarily, violating equal protections (7,877 bytes)
    10: [http://freenet-homepage.de/dpinfo/judges.htm Justice William J. Brennan, Furman v Georgia, 1972] - Whe...
    22: ...unishment would be administered with fairness and justice. Instead, the promise has become a cruel and empt...
    31: ...aled, because it is impossible to administer with justice and fairness.[http://freenet-homepage.de/dpinfo/j...
    40: ...s for campaign purposes regardless of the ends of justice ... No one can deny that the death penalty is met...
    43: ...American justice, especially the concept of equal justice under law, but also of due process. And it goes s...
  116. Argument: Capital punishment has a deterrent effect on criminal activities (7,510 bytes)
    34: ...murderers than any other state. According to JFA (Justice for All), the Texas murder rate in 1991 was 15.3 ...
  117. Argument: Capital punishment does not deter crime (9,335 bytes)
    5: '''Stephen Breyer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice, Ring v. Arizona (01-488), said on June 24th, 200...
    23: '''US Supreme Court Justice Stephen Breyer, 2002'''[http://freenet-homepage.d...
  118. Argument: The death penalty is barbaric and uncharacteristic of a decent society (4,566 bytes)
    10: '''Leah J. Sears, Georgia Supreme Court Justice (2001)''' - Electrocution offends the evolving st...
    13: '''John Paul Stevens, U.S. Supreme Court Justice''' - The practice of executing such offenders is ...
  119. Argument: Capital punishment does not alleviate pain of victim's family and can add to it (1,271 bytes)
    4: ...dividual variation,' says James Acker, a criminal-justice professor at SUNY Albany, who coedited a book on ...
  120. Argument: Costs of capital punishment are irrelevant to justice (2,020 bytes)
    12: ...ious at best, this argument deserves no response. Justice isn't up for sale to the lowest bidder."
    15: ...tary costs are trumped by the importance of doing justice.
  121. Argument: Capital punishment costs more than life without parole (5,144 bytes)
    5: ...rease the time and cost of administering criminal justice. The sobering lesson is that we can reduce such d...
    8: ...rsonnel. It unduly burdens the system of criminal justice, and it is therefore counterproductive as an inst...
    14: '''Burley Mitchell, former Chief Justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court. (2000).''' -...
    26: ...y 2002.''' - I have been involved in the criminal-justice system for more than 45 years as a prosecutor and...
  122. Argument: Capital punishment is supported by the Bible (6,682 bytes)
    9: ...ye for an eye" is a prescription for proportional justice and capital punishment]]'''
    17: ...This is God’s pronouncement of what constitutes justice on earth for the crime of murder. God says clear...
  123. Argument: Gen. 9.6 supports executions (2,472 bytes)
    8: ...This is God’s pronouncement of what constitutes justice on earth for the crime of murder. God says clear...
  124. Argument: The Catholic Church has long opposed the death penalty (2,252 bytes)
    10: ...last resort saying, '…our desire is rather that justice be satisfied without the taking of lives.'
  125. Debate: War on Drugs (49,253 bytes)
    136: ... in the world. According to the federal Bureau of Justice Statistics the number of US residents behind bars...
  126. Debate: Washington, DC voting rights (18,479 bytes)
    154: ...y of a country of former colonies that felt the injustice of “taxation without representation” now infl...
    178: ...preme.justia.com/us/376/1/ "Wesberry v. Sanders". Justice Hugo Black. February 1964.] "No right is more pre...
    207: ...iet Dinh, the Georgetown law professor and former Justice Department official.
  127. Debate: International military intervention in Darfur (23,438 bytes)
    14: ...otably the Sudan Liberation Movement/Army and the Justice and Equality Movement, recruited primarily from t...
    166: ...Selfa. "Can U.S. military intervention ever bring justice?." Socialist Worker.org. May 19, 2006]
  128. Debate: Affirmative action (24,973 bytes)
    84: === Justice: Does affirmative action justly compensate past w...
    89: ...yet in America and around the world. In order for justice to be served, it is necessary for the main losers...
    91: ...s]].''' Michel Rosenfeld. "Affirmative Action and Justice: A Philosophical Inquiry." New Haven, Connecticut...
    98: ...olor of their skin and how that relates to past injustices done by their white ancestors to blacks (or othe...
    149: *Ezorsky, G. Racism and justice: The case for affirmative action. Ithaca, NY: Cor...
  129. Debate: Assault weapons ban in the United States (21,899 bytes)
    12: ...31.pdf a 2004 report to the National Institute of Justice]: "Title XI, Subtitle A of the Violent Crime Cont...
    91: ...31.pdf a 2004 report to the National Institute of Justice], "The decline in the use of AWs has been due pri...
    174: ...gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/204431.pdf Department of Justice "An Updated Assessment of the Federal Assault Wea...
  130. Debate: Guantanamo Bay detention center (59,784 bytes)
    38: ...zed as indispensable by civilized peoples.' [...] Justice John Paul Stevens, in the Hamdan decision that re...
    59: ...iny in a real court of law. It is a clear case of justice denied."
    115: ...irators to the defense - as the civilian criminal justice system required them to do. Within 10 days, the l...
    224: ...h international definitions]]''' British judge Mr Justice Collins remarked in 2006 during a hearing on the ...
    352: *[http://www.amnesty.org/en/counter-terror-with-justice "Amnesty International speaks out on the issue"]
  131. Debate: Warrantless wiretapping in the United States (53,782 bytes)
    41: ...docs/nsa/dojnsa11906wp.pdf The U.S. Department of Justice has argued in its 1/19/06 article "Legal Authorit...
    43: ...0Terrorist%20Attacks%20-%20Myth%20v.%20Reality%22 Justice Department Report in Support of the Program 1/27/...
    45: ...o&se=gglsc&d=5008125290&er=deny The Department of Justice] insisted that the FISA amendments were intended ...
    89: ...org/sgp/crs/intel/m010506.pdf Attorney General on Justice Sandra Day O'Connor's 2004 Hamdi Ruling] - "Even ...
    90: ...and critical practice for wartime presidents, the Justice Department says, citing George Washington's inter...
  132. Debate: Civil unions vs. gay marriage (49,084 bytes)
    85: ...ou cannot get all the justice you want, take what justice you can get and then work for more."
    202: ...horn-Rauch peace proposal on marriage." Hunter of Justice. February 22, 2009]: "The most important aspect o...
    306: ...horn-Rauch peace proposal on marriage." Hunter of Justice. February 22, 2009]
    319: ... v. Civil Unions. What’s the difference?" Equal Justice Under Law]
  133. Argument: Cloning technology is unsafe for the resulting life (4,032 bytes)
    32: ...t Say No To Human Cloning". The Center for Public Justice. March 18, 1997] - "As scientists pointed out at ...
  134. Argument: Affirmative action is only way to level playing field (9,436 bytes)
    7: ...xactly 121 years ago, delivered a message lost on Justice Thomas and his dissenting minority in Gutter v. B...
  135. Argument: Laws should be "race-blind" to counter discrimination (4,066 bytes)
    13: ...quality with other citizens of the United States. Justice Joseph P. Bradley's majority opinion declared:
    15: ...d its intention to fully embrace the rationale of Justice Joseph P. Bradley's 1883 opinion ending Reconstru...
  136. Position:Clarence Thomas, US Supreme Court Justice, advocates "color-blind" policies (1,317 bytes)
    6: ...t benevolence, not pity, not sympathy, but simply justice. The American people have always been anxious to ...
  137. Argument: Affirmative action justly compensates groups for past wrongs (1,962 bytes)
    5: ...the '''"overall fairness”''' of job selections. Justice and individual desert need not be violated.
    7: ...to some whites; yet its absence would result in injustices to blacks who have been unfairly handicapped by ...
  138. Argument: Affirmative action wrongly takes from one group to give to another (201 bytes)
    6: Instead of doing justice, preferential treatment violates rights (the righ...
  139. Argument: Affirmative Action uses a definition of "diversity" that is too narrow (1,627 bytes)
    10: ...ssions program was unconstitutional. So concluded Justice Powell.
  140. Argument: Affirm action justly asks whites to sacrifice for common good (1,645 bytes)
    4: ...k not. To see why, consider John Rawls' theory of justice-as-fairness. For our purposes, what is striking a...
  141. Argument: Schools have right to improve diversity in ways of their choosing (1,226 bytes)
    5: ...ed to one thing. But why not? This question—and Justice O'Connor's acquiescence in the Law School's way o...
  142. Argument: Greater ethnic representation at all social levels is beneficial (5,128 bytes)
    7: ...it is seen as representative:''' US Supreme Court Justice Sandra Day O'Connor advanced this argument, sayin...
    14: *'''US Justice Sandra Day O'Connor''' said that Universities and...
  143. Argument: Affirm action wrongly considers race over econ/edu factors (1,691 bytes)
    7: ...satory or distributive justice. If directly doing justice is what affirmative action is about, then its mec...
  144. Argument: Affirmative action only deprives whites of unearned opportunities (4,299 bytes)
    12: Michel Rosenfeld, Affirmative Action and Justice: A Philosophical Inquiry (New Haven, Connecticut:...
  145. Debate: Military tribunals for suspected terrorists (45,405 bytes)
    16: ...e tribunals violated the Uniform Code of Military Justice.[http://en.wikinews.org/wiki/U.S._military_tribun...
    45: ...the AUMF and two statutes of the Code of Military Justice:'''
    48: :'''Supporting interpretations: Justice Thomas''' argued that under the framework establi...
    52: ...y based in two provisions of the Code of Military Justice. Section 82118''' which grants subject matter jur...
    55: ...s, or at least insures acts of indemnity from the justice of the legislature."
  146. Argument: NAFTA has caused job loss in America (1,867 bytes)
    6: *'''Jobs with Justice'''
    7: ...rg/campaigns/global/tools/NAFTAreports/ Jobs with Justice compiled state-by-state reports on job loss in th...
  147. Resolved: In the United States, plea bargaining in exchange for testimony is unjust (68,469 bytes)
    19: ...Further, in the United States, where the criminal justice system is crowded with cases, plea deals are some...
    23: ...e degree of latitude in setting up their criminal justice systems. For this reason, the way that plea barga...
    35: ...only to show that plea bargaining in exchange for justice is unjust presently, then the debate could get ra...
    45: ...nst who testimony, in the United States' criminal justice system, retain a presumption of innocence.
    51: ...d to gather information outweighs the potential injustice of letting a suspect plea bargain, but that barga...
  148. Argument: Plea bargains are a necessary way to relieve an over-strained justice system (2,554 bytes)
    5: ...em; it's unfair to a lot of people who want their justice done right now. So you do the best you can, becau...
    7: ...apse if every case that was filed in the criminal justice system were to be set for trial."
    11: *'''Buckle, Suzann R. Thomas. Bargaining for Justice: case disposition and reform in the criminal cour...
  149. Argument: Defendants are often pressured into accepting plea bargains (3,571 bytes)
    14: ...ill, Michael T, and Robinson, Paul H. Law Without Justice, How Criminal Law Doesn’t Give People What They...
  150. Resolved: In United States courts, victim impact statements ought to influence sentencing (8,530 bytes)
    34: A commonly understood principle in criminal justice is that "punishment should fit the crime," meanin...
  151. Argument: Bringing technology to classroom introduces students to global world (994 bytes)
    5: ...be framed by pragmatic realism grounded in social justice and equity of access."
  152. Resolved: Test Page (16,348 bytes)
    23: ...e degree of latitude in setting up their criminal justice systems. For this reason, the way that plea barga...
    27: ...nly to show that plea bargaining in exchange for justice is unjust presently, then the debate could get ra...
    41: ...d to gather information outweighs the potential injustice of letting a suspect plea bargain, but that barga...
    44: ...ion of what is just. The most basic definition of justice is 'giving each his fair due.' Going by that defi...
    46: ...offers several more court oriented definitions of justice, and Black's Law probably does too, but it's $70.
  153. Argument: Plea bargaining in exchange for testimony is the best way to achieve broader justice and desert (905 bytes)
    7: ... matter. This is a good example of broader social justice or due desert being achieved through plea bargain...
  154. Argument: Plea bargains incentivize faulty testimony (2,066 bytes)
    8: ... contrary to the fundamental precepts of American justice because the payment of something of value would g...
  155. Plea bargaining violates the legal notion of due desert (925 bytes)
    8: *'''Ashworth, Andrew. "Sentencing and Criminal Justice" (Law in Context)''' - Argues that the practice o...
    10: ...ill, Michael T, and Robinson, Paul H. Law Without Justice, How Criminal Law Doesn’t Give People What They...
  156. Argument: Plea bargaining reduces costs by reducing lengthy trials (628 bytes)
    6: ...ples of criminal law underpinning the US criminal justice system, and defends the practice of plea bargaini...
    7: *'''Purpura, Phillip. Criminal Justice: An Introduction:''' Book defends plea bargaining...
  157. Idea Houses (23,906 bytes)
    11: 3. Juvenile justice: An important aspect of these centers will be pro...
  158. Argument: Upholding justice trumps the benefits of plea bargains (1,432 bytes)
    6: ...ations.[http://decorabilia.blogspot.com/2007/10/mcjustice-and-plea-bargaining.html\]
  159. Plea bargaining in exchange for testimony is similar to bribery (1,089 bytes)
    7: ... contrary to the fundamental precepts of American justice because the payment of something of value would g...
  160. Debate: Minimum wage in the United States (64,934 bytes)
    368: ...ing to increase wages for the poor.[http://www.letjusticeroll.org/]
  161. Debate: Video surveillance (9,380 bytes)
    64: ...resy, making cameras particularly valuable to the justice system.
  162. Argument: Reserving Champagne name for France protects consumers (2,385 bytes)
    4: ...ollowing a challenge of these rules, the Court of Justice of the European Communities articulated that, “...
  163. Argument: A 700 mile fence is like the Berlin Wall (1,735 bytes)
    7: ...nato Martino, head of the Vatican’s Council for Justice and Peace, said in Nov., 2006]''' - "Speaking of ...
  164. Debate: Multiculturalism vs. assimilation (45,662 bytes)
    256: *'''Doriane Lambelet Coleman, "Individualizing Justice Through Multiculturalism: The Liberals' Dilemma,"...
  165. Debate: Abortion (89,277 bytes)
    226: ...s gotten a chance to live. That is the ultimate injustice, hazard.
    255: ...no of Doe vs. Bolton, in the efforts of the Texas Justice Foundation (and other groups) to work for the rev...
    278: ...-poverty activist, 1972'' - "The poor cry out for justice and equality, and we respond with legalized abort...
    419: ...05 U.S. 833 (1992) (joint opinion coauthored with Justices Souter and O’Connor)'' - "At the heart of libe...
  166. Argument: The 1994 assault weapons ban did not decrease crime (3,224 bytes)
    5: ...lence has been negligible. An older Department of Justice study found that from 1979 to 1992, there was an ...
    10: ...ence, 1994-2003''' by Koper for the Department of Justice; its not peer-reviewed, but it is in fact pro-ban...
  167. Debate: Debate vs. dialogue (13,304 bytes)
    137: ... legitimate notions making consensus possible.''' Justice and truth exist in the world. They are singular c...
  168. Resolved: On balance, violent revolution is a just response to political oppression (5,738 bytes)
    37: ...n against the government to achieve justice. Said justice can be achieved through violent or non-violent te...
    50: ...citizens.''' In such circumstances, it is unjust. Justice demands support of other citizens.
  169. Debate: Philosophical vs. moral law (3,066 bytes)
    4: ...ystem be defined by phiosophical justice or moral justice?===
    28: ... should not be considered when defining justice. Justice is complete and covers every crime of every crimi...
    35: ...use practical justice as opposed to philosophical justice.
  170. Position: John Yoo advocates a role for torture (370 bytes)
    4: ...itings On Torture, Domestic Eavesdropping. Former Justice Official Says He Was Interpreting Law, Not Making...
  171. Argument: The violence in Darfur is "genocide" (2,020 bytes)
    6: ...tors recruited by the Coalition for International Justice. They interviewed 1,136 eye-witnesses in Sudanes...
  172. Argument: US and NATO humanitarian military interventions bring atrocities (1,224 bytes)
    5: ...Selfa. "Can U.S. military intervention ever bring justice?." Socialist Worker.org. May 19, 2006] - "There w...
  173. Argument: Profit companies are inherently incapable of securing the right to water (1,646 bytes)
    9: ...center on commercial, not environmental or social justice considerations. Privatization means that the mana...
  174. Argument: Natural gas drilling leaves a large environmental "footprint" (2,139 bytes)
    12: ...ral Gas Health and Environmental Hazards". Energy Justice Network] - Natural gas is a fossil fuel that is o...
  175. Resolved: A just society ought not use the death penalty as a form of punishment (44,515 bytes)
    9: ...lled. Of course, this "eye for an eye" theory of justice is not practiced in other parts of the law: rapis...
    23: ...ated [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Blackmun Justice Harry Blackmun], writing in dissent of the Suprem...
    29: Though Justice Blackmun holds open the possibility that the Cour...
    50: ...the government they will insist will be free of injustice and capable of handing out death sentences in a f...
    59: ...ue premises can safely be employed on this topic: justice, morality, dignity, etc.
  176. Resolved: It is just for the United States to use military force to prevent the acquisition of nuclear weapons by nations that pose a military threat (54,438 bytes)
    25: It is obviously true that an injustice has occurred: one hundred innocent people were ki...
    27: ...ent people? If one accepts the common claim that justice means giving "each his or her fair due," doesn't ...
    89: ...his debate: [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Justice Justice].
    91: ...uative term), the use of your Criterion to create Justice is what you should focus on if you choose this as...
    96: ... a value criterion when a topic posits a value of justice. In this topic, it wold seem particularly useful...
  177. Resolved: In a democracy, civil disobedience is an appropriate weapon in the fight for justice (32,951 bytes)
    22: ...nst a commitment to nonviolence at the expense of justice, see Peter Gelderloos, [http://www.amazon.com/exe...
    32: ...ed on as a form of government unlikely to promote justice. In the [http://www.constitution.org/fed/federa1...
    36: ...r which it would be a justified form of political justice. For instance, many supporters of civil disobedi...
    55: ===Fight for Justice===
    56: ...o matter how well designed a political system is, justice will not always be the short term result of the p...
  178. Debate in the Neighborhood Manual (183,433 bytes)
    310: * Terrorists deserve justice delivered by soldiers, not by courts of law.
    353: * The criminal justice system ought to place a higher value on rehabilit...
    691: ...s of compensating disadvantaged groups for past injustice.” No matter how many times a statement is made,...
    926: ...e unequal opportunity caused by past or current injustices (affirmative action)
  179. Encouraging Public Debates (449,159 bytes)
    472: ...ng that one side’s emphasis on human rights and justice would contrast with the other side’s emphasis o...
    503: ...or example, the proposition “terrorists deserve justice delivered by soldiers, not by courts of law” is...
    555: ... on the subject of international human rights and justice and debaters plan to focus on the e.ectiveness or...
    972: ...stimony of a respected jurist: U.S. Supreme Court Justice Harry Blackmun concluded that America’s experie...
    1501: ...estion: So you say that attempts at international justice are
  180. Debate: Should journalists be allowed to protect sources even against subpoena? (3,743 bytes)
    36: ...ce of "free press" that this entails is worth it. Justice takes precedent over free press.
  181. Ron Daniels (1,157 bytes)
    6: .../rpcconf/danielsr.htm Harvard Law School Criminal Justice Institute: Ron Daniels]
  182. Argument: Civil disobedience is frequently the tool of unjust causes (968 bytes)
    2: ...edience is an appropriate weapon in the fight for justice]]
    5: ...fford an outlet for sadism by cloaking cruelty as justice."[http://www.update.uu.se/~fbendz/philo/disobey.h...
  183. Resolved: Universities should use affirmative action to encourage minority enrollment (21,195 bytes)
    41: ...for past wrongs, achieving redress, and restoring justice.
    53: ...fices the rights of one group to attempt to bring justice to another]].'''
    229: ...homas Nagel's “Equal Treatment and Compensatory Justice”. Philosophy & Public Affairs. 1973]
    245: ===US supreme court justices supporting affirmative action?===
    255: ...lind" policies| Clarence Thomas, US Supreme Court Justice, advocates "color-blind" policies]]:
  184. Resolved: Water should be considered national property (50,024 bytes)
    395: *Water Justice.
  185. Notable debate and democracy quotes (4,980 bytes)
    1: '''Eleanor Roosevelt''' - "Justice cannot be for one side alone, but must be for bot...
  186. Brightline (374 bytes)
    5: justice ,although it can be
  187. Argument: Why Christians should not support torture (2,108 bytes)
    8: ...ear their cry" (Ex. 22:21-23). Primary forms of injustice include violent abuse and domination of the power...
  188. Argument: Torture violates the dignity of the human being (2,484 bytes)
    10: ...lified by other rights and by the requirements of justice. Kennedy argues that "defensive interrogatory tor...
  189. Argument: Torture violates protections of the vulnerable (2,269 bytes)
    5: ...ear their cry' (Ex. 22:21-23). Primary forms of injustice include violent abuse and domination of the power...
    7: ...ce. Those who have been tortured are victims of injustice."
  190. Argument: The United States has always opposed torture historically (882 bytes)
    4: ...ng this moral fortress in the world. We sent our Justice Robert Jackson to Nuremberg to speak with moral c...
  191. Debate: Legalization of drugs (29,870 bytes)
    205: *[http://www.justice.gov/dea/demand/speakout/06so.htm U.S. Drug Enforc...
    224: ...ption=com_content&task=view&id=20&Itemid=35 Smart Justice (Australian site)]
  192. Debate: Business with human rights violators (18,951 bytes)
    63: ...l and should be unwanted by anyone concerned with justice.
  193. Argument: Drug-use does not directly harm others, so it should be legalized (502 bytes)
    4: ...eone is to impose a severe disability on him; and justice requires that punishment be imposed only on someo...
  194. Debate: Waterboarding (17,641 bytes)
    14: ...risoners and that the United States Department of Justice had authorized the procedure, a revelation that s...
  195. Argument: Progressive taxes rely on and worsen envy between groups (2,288 bytes)
    12: ... pay taxes at the same proportion, the feeling of justice spreads."
  196. Debate: Unilateral US military strike inside Pakistan (24,137 bytes)
    14: ...ocratic as he has sacked Pakistan's Supreme Court Justices, replacing them with his hand picked puppets as ...
    37: ...eral action to bring this terrorist mastermind to justice.
    43: ... and US desires to see Osama bin Laden brought to justice.
  197. Argument: Internet has been successful w/o govt regs like net neutrality (8,462 bytes)
    40: ...ower in the broadband arena. To the contrary, the Justice Department sounded optimistic about the competiti...
  198. Argument: An assault weapons ban leads to a slippery slope of gun seizures (2,884 bytes)
    10: ...em. Legal experts in the California Department of Justice did not believe it was possible to ban so-called ...
  199. Argument: The US must unilaterally intervene since Pakistan is not doing enough to find Bin Laden (913 bytes)
    6: ...overy of Bin Laden's location and bringing him to justice.
  200. Argument: The assault weapons ban is unnecessary; criminals prefer concealable hand guns (3,001 bytes)
    6: ...lt to carry concealed. As a National Institute of Justice study noted in July, using a broad definition of ...
    11: **California study: The California Department of Justice suppressed an official report showing that "assau...
    15: **Nationwide: The Bureau of Justice Statistics reported in 1993 that violent criminal...
  201. Argument: China did not intervene in Burma's 2007 crisis due to its non-interventionism (1,063 bytes)
    4: ...t meet the standard of many Americans who look at justice as something measured on a global scale. Still, j...
  202. Argument: Guantanamo bay tarnishes the image of the United States (1,137 bytes)
    5: ...have shaken the belief the world had in America's justice system by keeping a place like Guantanamo open an...
  203. Argument: Detainees have a right to due process and protections in US courts (13,638 bytes)
    9: ...lied which do not comply with normal standards of justice”. The Committee concludes that “the trying of...
    29: ...um standards. Consequently, no one was brought to justice for having committed acts of torture.80 It is of ...
    37: ...ransferring detainees and ensuring that they face justice."
  204. Argument: Past Cuba-US treaties forbid the current use of Guantanamo (3,816 bytes)
    12: ...hority is limited. According to the Department of Justice, the prison is not indisputably U.S. territory, n...
  205. Argument: Closing Guantanamo would renew America's image and leadership (7,540 bytes)
    23: ...have shaken the belief the world had in America's justice system by keeping a place like Guantanamo open an...
    29: ...amaged this nation's credibility as a champion of justice and human rights. But Mr. Bush ignored those voic...
  206. Argument: Guantanamo makes it difficult for US allies to help war on terror (2,193 bytes)
    7: ...Blair has called for Guantánamo’s closure. And Justice Lawrence Collins, a British high court judge, has...
  207. Argument: Guantanamo violates habeas corpus, obstructs proof of innocence (10,483 bytes)
    17: ...urt turned back the most recent effort to subvert justice with a stirring defense of habeas corpus, the rig...
    27: ...es' habeas rights. The majority, in an opinion by Justice Anthony Kennedy, ruled that the Military Commissi...
  208. Argument: US definitions of torture do not comply with international definitions (5,640 bytes)
    4: '''British judge Mr Justice Collins''' remarked in 2006 during a hearing on t...
    11: ...ged violations promptly and bring perpetrators to justice, the prohibition of incommunicado detention, and ...
    16: ...this memorandum was superseded by a Department of Justice memorandum dated 30 December 2004. 47. However, s...
  209. Argument: The 1994 US assault weapons ban significantly decreased use (591 bytes)
    4: ...ing to a 2004 report to the National Institute of Justice: "Following implementation of the ban, the share ...
  210. Resolved: Hate crime enhancements are unjust in the United States (12,674 bytes)
    10: ...verely than a regular homicide. The United States justice system does recognize hate crimes and punishes th...
    88: ...e. Current hate crime laws do not meet the bar of justice. Supreme Court ruled in Wisconsin v. Mitchell the...
    90: ...fort. To make this lengthy rehabilition possible, justice system needs to incarcerate criminals longer to t...
    92: ...tice, thus answering the resolution's question of justice.
  211. Argument: Kosovo is too underdeveloped for independence (2,002 bytes)
    8: ...9&leader=0&sp=79 "Human Rights Watch Report Finds Justice System in Kosovo Has Failed the Christian Serb Vi...
  212. Argument: Hate crime laws tie the hands of judges (3,746 bytes)
    4: ...there is severe damage, as bad as it can get, and justice has to consider both. These cases are not easy. P...
  213. Argument: Hate crime is a major problem, requiring a state response (2,192 bytes)
    4: ...ictimization surveys. A report from the Bureau of Justice statistics comparing the FBI data and victimizati...
  214. Argument: Hate crime enhancements will not overwhelm reporting systems (1,193 bytes)
    4: ...orting system, nor has it distracted the criminal justice system from vigorous action against traditional h...
  215. Argument: Assault weapons are used to kill a greater number of people (4,052 bytes)
    17: The NRA and its supporters have cited Justice Department studies based on surveys of state and ...
  216. Argument: Primaries help parties define their agendas (1,004 bytes)
    6: *'''US Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia wrote an opinion in 1999 on Califo...
  217. Argument: Primaries are largely the internal affairs of political parties (5,739 bytes)
    12: ...Justice Antonin Scalia recently wrote for a seven-justice Supreme Court majority, 'A political party has a ...
  218. Argument: Abolishing nuclear weapons is part of fulfilling existing obligations (1,497 bytes)
    4: ...heir nuclear arsenals. The International Court of Justice, the world's highest court, unanimously highlight...
  219. Argument: The threat or use of nuclear weapons is illegal (1,292 bytes)
    4: ...ly 8, 1996 decision of the International Court of Justice stated that it is generally illegal to use or to ...
  220. Argument: The threat or use of nuclear weapons is legal in desperate defense (543 bytes)
    4: *'''In 1996, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled''', "in view of the current state of ...
  221. Argument: Banning prostitution is a prerequisite to ending sex trafficking (6,824 bytes)
    12: *'''Christine Stark, MFA, author and activist. "Justice Talking". National Public Radio (NPR). Mar. 4, 20...
  222. Argument: Legalization is merely a step in reducing sex industry abuses (1,037 bytes)
    4: ...iminalization is not at all a solution to every injustice that exists in the sex industry; it is a starting...
  223. Argument: Legalization of prostitution may actually reduce sex trafficking (4,120 bytes)
    12: ... sex slaves, leading one to wonder what steps the Justice Department is taking to free them. Oddly, the Net...
  224. Argument: Illegalization of marijuana helps deter use (623 bytes)
    4: ... 50% are in treatment as a result of the criminal justice system."
  225. Argument: Marijuana prohibition is equally impossible as alcohol prohibition (1,427 bytes)
    6: ... Many members of the law enforcement and criminal justice community have come to understand that prohibitio...
  226. NFL resolution topics (6,123 bytes)
    62: ...edience is an appropriate weapon in the fight for justice]]
  227. Argument: The significance of the threat from Cuba justifies US sanctions (1,810 bytes)
    5: ...tional narcotics trade and harbors fugitives from justice in the United States.
  228. Argument: Some cultures don't warrant protection under multiculturalism (2,364 bytes)
    8: :When it comes to democratic continuity, social justice, and prosperity, some cultures do far better than...
    12: ... influences a society's receptivity to democracy, justice, entrepreneurship, and free-market institutions."
  229. Debate: "Champagne" as only French (30,329 bytes)
    70: ...e's right to the name Champagne]]''' The Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled that the French r...
  230. Argument: Court decisions have agreed that using the name "Champagne" for non French wines is a deceptive tactic (1,770 bytes)
    7: ...ollowing a challenge of these rules, the Court of Justice of the European Communities articulated that, “...
  231. Argument: The EU legally secures France's right to the name Champagne (1,332 bytes)
    5: ...ollowing a challenge of these rules, the Court of Justice of the European Communities articulated that, “...
  232. Debate: Armenian "genocide" (15,601 bytes)
    41: ...ion are the International Center for Transitional Justice,[2][3] the International Association of Genocide ...
    55: ...n Genocide, International Center for Transitional Justice, May 8, 2006
    56: ...made to the International Center for Transitional Justice ("ICTJ"), on the basis of the Memorandum of Under...
    57: [3] ^ International Center for Transitional Justice, Armeniapedia
  233. Debate: DC handgun ban (51,533 bytes)
    42: ... arguments in DC vs. Heller. March 19th, 2008] - "JUSTICE GINSBURG: If we're going back to the English Bill...
    50: ... vs. Heller. Justice Scalia. March l8th, 2008] - "JUSTICE SCALIA: I don't see how there's any, any, any con...
    56: ... arguments in DC vs. Heller. March 19th, 2008] - "JUSTICE KENNEDY: You think Madison was guided by the expe...
    57: :GENERAL CLEMENT: I do, Justice Kennedy, and I think in that regard it is telling...
  234. Debate: Should "lawful intercept" wiretapping laws extend to VoIP internet calls? (3,074 bytes)
    6: ... Enforcement Administration and the Department of Justice called for new powers to apply this law to new fo...
  235. Debate: EU constitution reform treaty (Lisbon Treaty) (43,655 bytes)
    227: ...lar for the policy areas of freedom, security and justice, such as combating terrorism or tackling crime. I...
  236. Debate: Non-interventionism (5,946 bytes)
    90: ... prevented without use of arms''." (David Matas, "Justice for Genocide")
    167: ...cide/david-matas/page.do?id=1051082 David Matas, "Justice for genocide", Amnesty International]
  237. Debate: Recognizing Wicca as a religion (13,178 bytes)
    29: ...firmed Wicca as a religion.''' Military Courts of Justice in the U.S. have also found Wicca to be a valid r...
  238. Argument: According to Supreme Court, states cannot prohibit gun possession (1,349 bytes)
    4: ...gi-bin/getcase.pl?court=us&vol=116&invol=252 Mr. Justice McReynolds delivered the opinion of the Court in ...
  239. Debate: Right to bear arms in the US (52,720 bytes)
    33: ... vs. Heller. Justice Scalia. March l8th, 2008] - "JUSTICE SCALIA: I don't see how there's any, any, any con...
    49: .... Mr. Dellinger] - "[...]MR. DELLINGER: Mr. Chief Justice, I believe that the phrase 'the people' and the p...
    63: ... arguments in DC vs. Heller. March 19th, 2008] - "JUSTICE KENNEDY: You think Madison was guided by the expe...
    64: :GENERAL CLEMENT: I do, Justice Kennedy, and I think in that regard it is telling...
    74: ... arguments in DC vs. Heller. March 19th, 2008] - "JUSTICE GINSBURG: If we're going back to the English Bill...
  240. Debate: Ban on Muslim veils in France (11,049 bytes)
    57: ...r professional purposes is hindered, meaning that justice and professional activities are more complex, cos...
  241. Argument: The right to "bear arms" in the 2nd Amendment includes an individual right (1,639 bytes)
    5: ...008] - "GENERAL CLEMENT: The way I would read it, Justice Souter, is that "keep" is really talking about pr...
    6: :JUSTICE SOUTER: But wait a minute. You're not saying that...
    8: :JUSTICE SOUTER: Somebody going out to -- in the eighteent...
  242. Argument: "Arms" in the US 2nd Amendment does not exclude personal "arms" (1,711 bytes)
    6: :JUSTICE SOUTER: But it's "arms" that has the kind of the ...
    7: :JUSTICE SCALIA: Wasn't -- wasn't it the case that the ban...
  243. Argument: 2nd Amendment applies only to collective right of militia to bear arms (3,784 bytes)
    9: ...n, DC.] - "MR. DELLINGER: Good morning, Mr. Chief Justice, and may it please the Court: The Second Amendmen...
    15: .... Mr. Dellinger] - "[...]MR. DELLINGER: Mr. Chief Justice, I believe that the phrase 'the people' and the p...
  244. Debate: Tibet independence (126,824 bytes)
    611: ...RC's view, the Gang of Four) have been brought to justice and whose reoccurrence is unthinkable in an incre...
  245. Argument: "Keep" in the 2nd amendment refers to an individual right to bear arms (1,430 bytes)
    4: ... arguments in DC vs. Heller. March 19th, 2008] - "JUSTICE SOUTER: May I go back to another point, which is ...
    6: :GENERAL CLEMENT: The way I would read it, Justice Souter, is that "keep" is really talking about pr...
  246. Argument: A DC handgun ban is a reasonable measure against high gun violence (7,207 bytes)
    6: ...ov/oral_arguments/argument_transcripts/07-290.pdf Justice Breyer. Oral arguments in DC vs. Heller. March 19...
    14: :JUSTICE BREYER: Why -- now, when say "keep" and "bear," I...
    20: ...ypothetical statute which would prohibit the guns Justice Scalia described. What is your position as to the...
    22: :I know, Justice Kennedy, that you would be concerned about a nati...
    23: ...le -- the great battle over methodology, to which Justice Breyer replied, in these briefs --indicates that ...
  247. Argument: "Arms" falling under 2nd Amendment can be regulated but not banned (821 bytes)
    5: *'''Chief Justice John Roberts''' - "What is reasonable about a tot...
  248. Argument: The constitution confers an individual right to keep and bear arms (4,931 bytes)
    14: ... vs. Heller. Chief Justice John Roberts] - "CHIEF JUSTICE ROBERTS: If you're right, Mr. Dellinger, it's cer...
    18: *'''In 2001, the Justice Department under Attorney General John Ashcroft i...
    20: ...w.usdoj.gov/olc/secondamendment2.pdf In 2004, the Justice Department under Ashcroft issued "Whether the Sec...
  249. Argument: 2nd Amendment conferred individual right to defend against various threats (1,361 bytes)
    6: :JUSTICE KENNEDY: It had nothing to do with the concern of...
    8: :JUSTICE SCALIA: Blackstone thought it was important. Blac...
    9: :JUSTICE SCALIA: Blackstone thought it was important. Blac...
  250. Argument: If 2nd amendment applied only to militias it would be useless today (882 bytes)
    5: ...ts/07-290.pdf Oral arguments in DC vs. Heller] - "JUSTICE GINSBURG: -- short of that, just to get your posi...
    6: :MR. DELLINGER: It would, Justice Ginsburg, if the State had a militia and had attr...
    7: :JUSTICE GINSBURG: But it doesn't, as far as I know.

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