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Debate: Military draft

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Is a military draft generally a good thing to have in place at all times?

Background and context

Should a government have the right to draft its citizens into military service?

Yes

  • Conscription is not harmful and does not infringe upon anybody's rights and freedoms as there usually are ways to avoid joining the military training (e.g. if you work in a hospital instead).
  • Conscription means that at the time of a military conflict state has enough trained troops, therefore the security of that state is enhanced - a benefit every citizen can enjoy.

No

  • Oppressive government A government becomes oppressive under the following two conditions:

(1)when a government infringes upon the rights of individuals

(2)when a government has rights that the citizens themselves do not have

A military draft meets both these conditions; it infringes upon an individual's right to consent, and the citizens themselves do not have the right to draft others, so the government demanding military service of these individuals would be imposing a double standard.

Is it necessary for a state's security to practice conscription?

Yes

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No

  • At the time when countries all around the globe are becoming members of military organizations such as NATO, at the time when countries are signing treaties concerning military cooperation and support should a country need protection, the concept of keeping a national army is becoming obsolete. There is no need for a specific country to introduce or practice conscription as long as it is protected by professional armies of its allies (or by a professional army of its own).

Can the conscription benefit the society?

Yes

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No

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Is the conscription economically favourable?

Yes

No

  • Conscription means purchasing and maintaining lots of "unnecessary" equipment for people who - most probably - will never fight in any conflict and if they indeed did, they wouldn't be as useful as professional soldiers and professional armies due to the lack of training (one or two years of conscription are not enough). It is economically wiser to have a smaller, well-equipped professional army than millions of soldiers lacking weapons, transporters and experience, to say the least.

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