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Debate: Gay adoption

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-===Quality: Are homosexual parents of equal quality in raising children? ===+===Alternatives: Can gay parenting be superior to some of current alternatives? ===
 + 
|- |-
|width="45%" bgcolor="#FFFAE0" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"| |width="45%" bgcolor="#FFFAE0" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"|
====Yes==== ====Yes====
-*'''[[Argument:Homosexual parenting is just as good as heterosexual parenting| Homosexual parenting is just as good as heterosexual parenting]]''' Numerous studies indicate that homosexual parenting has proven equally capable as heterosexual parenting. +*'''[[Argument: Heterosexual couples often "recklessly procreate"; gay adoption is deliberate| Heterosexual couples often "recklessly procreate"; gay adoption is deliberate]]''' This means that homosexuals are less likely to become accidental parents, who are much more likely to become neglectful parents.
-*'''[[Argument:The quality of child-rearing in social groups is not a criteria for adoption|The quality of child-rearing in social groups is not a criteria for adoption]].''' [http://www.slate.com/id/2061789/William Saletan. "Adopting Premises. The sneaky debate over legalizing adoptions by gay couples." Slate.com. Feb. 7, 2002] - "Suppose, for example, there's more suicide, depression, promiscuity, and domestic violence among blacks than among whites. Would such findings justify a ban on adoptions by blacks? If not, why would they justify a ban on adoptions by gays?"+*'''[[Argument: Children always benefit from two parents (gay or straight) instead of one| Children always benefit from two parents (gay or straight) instead of one]]''' "Single-parent mom" is an all too frequent term. It is costly to children, primarily from the standpoint of having half the support that a child deserves. Married gay couples can provide twice the support that a single parent can provide, and this is always a good thing.
-*'''Children are currently being responsibly reared by gay couples''', where one of the partners is a biological parent. Allowing adoption by the other merely confers legal rights on an already successful, if informal, family model.+*'''[[Argument: Non homosexuals produce bad children too; why alienate gays?|Non homosexuals produce bad children too; why alienate gays?]]''' [http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-02-20-gay-adoption-foster_x.htm Harold Birtcher] "Our prisons are full of people who were in foster care, and those people were in, quote unquote, straight family homes,"
- +
-*'''[[Argument:The sexuality of parents has no effects on a child's future life|The sexuality of parents has no effects on a child's future life]]'''. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LGBT_parenting#Support American Psychological Association (Resolution on Sexual Orientation, Parents, and Children)] "There is no scientific evidence that parenting effectiveness is related to parental sexual orientation: lesbian and gay parents are as likely as heterosexual parents to provide supportive and healthy environments for their children"; and "research has shown that the adjustment, development, and psychological well-being of children is unrelated to parental sexual orientation and that the children of lesbian and gay parents are as likely as those of heterosexual parents to flourish."+
- +
-*'''[[Argument: Opponents of gay-adoption must prove heterosexuals make better parents| Opponents of gay-adoption must prove heterosexuals make better parents]]''' The burden of proof is on opponents of gay adoption to prove that homosexuals make worse parents. In the absence of such proof, it is unjust to restrict the rights of homosexuals to adopt.+
 +*'''[[Argument: If gays are already adopting, they and their children deserve equal rights| If gays are already adopting, they and their children deserve equal rights]]'''
 +*'''[[Argument: Gay adoption is better than foster care for children| Gay adoption is better than foster care for children]]'''
|width="45%" bgcolor="#F2FAFB" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"| |width="45%" bgcolor="#F2FAFB" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"|
====No==== ====No====
-*'''[[Argument:Homosexuality would bring the end of the human race|Homosexuality would bring the end of the human race]]'''. [http://www.pinknews.co.uk/news/view.php?id=3768 Lech Kaczynski] "The promotion of homosexuality would lead to the eventual destruction of the human race."+*'''Gay marriage should be compared against average marriages; not worst case ones.''' All of the arguments negating this question are compared against the dysfunctions occurring in worst case heterosexual marriages.
- +
-*'''[[Argument:Children should not be subjects of a gay adoption experiment|Children should not be subjects of a gay adoption experiment]].''' ''Ken Connor, president of the Family Research Council'' - "children are not guinea pigs and should not be used as pawns in some grand social experiment."[http://www.slate.com/id/2061789/]+
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-===Alternatives: Can gay parenting be superior to some of current alternatives? ===+===Quality: Are homosexual parents of equal quality in raising children? ===
- +
|- |-
|width="45%" bgcolor="#FFFAE0" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"| |width="45%" bgcolor="#FFFAE0" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"|
====Yes==== ====Yes====
-*'''[[Argument: Heterosexual couples often "recklessly procreate"; gay adoption is deliberate| Heterosexual couples often "recklessly procreate"; gay adoption is deliberate]]''' This means that homosexuals are less likely to become accidental parents, who are much more likely to become neglectful parents.+*'''[[Argument:Homosexual parenting is just as good as heterosexual parenting| Homosexual parenting is just as good as heterosexual parenting]]''' Numerous studies indicate that homosexual parenting has proven equally capable as heterosexual parenting.
-*'''[[Argument: Children always benefit from two parents (gay or straight) instead of one| Children always benefit from two parents (gay or straight) instead of one]]''' "Single-parent mom" is an all too frequent term. It is costly to children, primarily from the standpoint of having half the support that a child deserves. Married gay couples can provide twice the support that a single parent can provide, and this is always a good thing.+*'''[[Argument:The quality of child-rearing in social groups is not a criteria for adoption|The quality of child-rearing in social groups is not a criteria for adoption]].''' [http://www.slate.com/id/2061789/William Saletan. "Adopting Premises. The sneaky debate over legalizing adoptions by gay couples." Slate.com. Feb. 7, 2002] - "Suppose, for example, there's more suicide, depression, promiscuity, and domestic violence among blacks than among whites. Would such findings justify a ban on adoptions by blacks? If not, why would they justify a ban on adoptions by gays?"
-*'''[[Argument: Non homosexuals produce bad children too; why alienate gays?|Non homosexuals produce bad children too; why alienate gays?]]''' [http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2006-02-20-gay-adoption-foster_x.htm Harold Birtcher] "Our prisons are full of people who were in foster care, and those people were in, quote unquote, straight family homes," +*'''Children are currently being responsibly reared by gay couples''', where one of the partners is a biological parent. Allowing adoption by the other merely confers legal rights on an already successful, if informal, family model.
 + 
 +*'''[[Argument:The sexuality of parents has no effects on a child's future life|The sexuality of parents has no effects on a child's future life]]'''. [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LGBT_parenting#Support American Psychological Association (Resolution on Sexual Orientation, Parents, and Children)] "There is no scientific evidence that parenting effectiveness is related to parental sexual orientation: lesbian and gay parents are as likely as heterosexual parents to provide supportive and healthy environments for their children"; and "research has shown that the adjustment, development, and psychological well-being of children is unrelated to parental sexual orientation and that the children of lesbian and gay parents are as likely as those of heterosexual parents to flourish."
 + 
 +*'''[[Argument: Opponents of gay-adoption must prove heterosexuals make better parents| Opponents of gay-adoption must prove heterosexuals make better parents]]''' The burden of proof is on opponents of gay adoption to prove that homosexuals make worse parents. In the absence of such proof, it is unjust to restrict the rights of homosexuals to adopt.
-*'''[[Argument: If gays are already adopting, they and their children deserve equal rights| If gays are already adopting, they and their children deserve equal rights]]''' 
-*'''[[Argument: Gay adoption is better than foster care for children| Gay adoption is better than foster care for children]]''' 
|width="45%" bgcolor="#F2FAFB" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"| |width="45%" bgcolor="#F2FAFB" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"|
====No==== ====No====
-*'''Gay marriage should be compared against average marriages; not worst case ones.''' All of the arguments negating this question are compared against the dysfunctions occurring in worst case heterosexual marriages.+*'''[[Argument:Homosexuality would bring the end of the human race|Homosexuality would bring the end of the human race]]'''. [http://www.pinknews.co.uk/news/view.php?id=3768 Lech Kaczynski] "The promotion of homosexuality would lead to the eventual destruction of the human race."
 + 
 +*'''[[Argument:Children should not be subjects of a gay adoption experiment|Children should not be subjects of a gay adoption experiment]].''' ''Ken Connor, president of the Family Research Council'' - "children are not guinea pigs and should not be used as pawns in some grand social experiment."[http://www.slate.com/id/2061789/]

Revision as of 19:13, 29 September 2008

Should gay couples be given the same legal rights as heterosexuals in adopting children?

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Contents

Background and Context of Debate:

The flag used to represent homosexuals
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The flag used to represent homosexuals
At present, the world and individual countries are as divided with regard to adoption as to other area of gay rights. As of 2000, four states in the USA (Arkansas, Florida, Mississippi and Utah) have specifically outlawed gay adoption, as have some Scandinavian countries (Denmark, Norway, and Iceland) that show an otherwise lenient attitude to same-sex relationships. By contrast, the National Adoption Week in the UK in October 2000 saw a drive to encourage gay couples to adopt, in order to find homes for the thousands of children seeking parents. The 2002 Adoption and Children Act allowed unmarried couples in England and Wales, including same sex partners to apply for adoption jointly.


Tradition: Should promotion of the traditional nuclear family be avoided?

Yes

  • A changing society should not cling to traditional family models. Society is changing, and the traditional idea of the nuclear family with married mother and father is no longer the only acceptable alternative. The reason that many countries are beginning to award legal rights to gay couples is because the stability of such relationships is now recognised. There is no reason, therefore, why such couples cannot provide a stable and loving upbringing for children.


No

  • Opposing gay adoption preserves traditional family as ideal for child-rearing. Just as married couples receive tax benefits and unmarried mothers may suffer cuts in welfare, legal prohibition of adoption by gays is a natural step towards this ideal. The traditional nuclear family is still an ideal that should be clung to, and which deserves the protection and motivation of the state. Evolution and nature has shown that the natural development of the young is aided by both these influences.


Natural: Is being brought up by a same sex couple natural?

Yes

  • Children do not need distinct male and female parental role-models What children need first is love, compassion, and care from their parents. In addition, children are highly influenced by their social environment as much as their parents, making it unreasonable to place such a high importance on the attributes that parents display.


No

  • Children do better with mother and father role models - Children benefit from a balance of male and female, differentiated role models. The unique characteristics of men and women are important to impart on children. Same-sex marriage fundamentally undermines this balanced approach to child-rearing.


Gay influence: Do gay parents influence children to become homosexual?

Yes

  • Some babies are born with a predisposition to homosexuality (both human and in other races), and their upbringing will not be affect their sexuality. Attempting to suppress this genetic predisposition has resulted in great misery for many people. Rather, we should accept this and look to embrace all gay people fully – which must include celebrating gay role models, especially as responsible parents.


No

  • A child’s primary role models are his or her parents. Bringing a heterosexual child up in a gay household gives them a distorted view of a minority sexuality, just as a girl brought up by two men would fail to benefit from a feminine influence.


Alternatives: Can gay parenting be superior to some of current alternatives?

Yes

No

  • Gay marriage should be compared against average marriages; not worst case ones. All of the arguments negating this question are compared against the dysfunctions occurring in worst case heterosexual marriages.


Quality: Are homosexual parents of equal quality in raising children?

Yes

  • Children are currently being responsibly reared by gay couples, where one of the partners is a biological parent. Allowing adoption by the other merely confers legal rights on an already successful, if informal, family model.


No


Homophobia: Will the children of gay parents be able to deal with societal homophobia?

Yes

  • Children raised by homosexuals may become more tolerant individuals. American Academy of Pediatrics - "growing up with parents who are lesbian or gay may confer some advantages to children. They have been described as more tolerant of diversity,"


No

  • Children adopted by gays are subjected to homophobia/prejudices Homophobic language and behaviour is still common in society. Placing a child too young to have an opinion of their own in the care of a gay couple exposes them to this prejudice, and subjects them to ridicule or violence. Whatever ideal we might have, the psychological and physical welfare of the child must come first.
  • Homosexuals teach a tolerance toward dysfunctionality. Homosexuals inherently champion every dysfunctional cause as a so-called right, the result of which has infected all of society with tolerating dysfunction


Religion: Is gay adoption allowable in the face of religious opposition to gay marriage?

Yes


No

Pro/con videos

Yes


No

Pro/con resources

Yes

"Europe: Gay Adoption Ruling Advances Family Equality". Human Rights Watch. January 24th, 2008

No


References:

Motions:

  • This House would allow gay couples to adopt children
  • This House would explode the nuclear family
  • That homosexuality should be no bar to adoption

In legislation and policy:

External links and resources:

Books:

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