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Debate: EU constitution reform treaty (Lisbon Treaty)

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===Is the EU Constitution reform treaty a good idea? === ===Is the EU Constitution reform treaty a good idea? ===
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-===Background and Context of Debate:===+===Background and context ===
-[[Image:EU flag.jpg|right|200px]]+
-The Treaty of Lisbon (also known as the Reform Treaty) is a treaty designed to streamline the workings of the European Union (EU) with amendments to the Treaty on European Union (TEU, Maastricht) and the Treaty establishing the European Community (TEC, Rome), the latter being renamed Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) in the process. The stated aim of the treaty is "to complete the process started by the Treaty of Amsterdam and by the Treaty of Nice with a view to enhancing the efficiency and democratic legitimacy of the Union and to improving the coherence of its action".+
-[[Image:Treaty of Lisbon meeting.jpg|200px|left]]+
-Prominent changes introduced with the Treaty of Lisbon include more qualified majority voting in the EU Council, increased involvement of the European Parliament in the legislative process through extended codecision with the EU Council, reduction of the number of Commissioners from 27 to 18, eliminating the pillar system, and the creation of a President of the European Council and a High Representative for Foreign Affairs to present a united position on EU policies (see more below). If ratified, the Treaty of Lisbon would also make the Charter of Fundamental Rights (human rights provisions) legally binding.+
-The negotiations on modifying the EU institutions began in 2001, first resulting in the European Constitution, which failed due to rejection in two referendums. The Treaty of Lisbon was signed on 13 December 2007 in Lisbon (as Portugal held the EU Council's Presidency at the time), and was planned to have been ratified in all member states by the end of 2008, so it could come into force before the 2009 European elections. However, the rejection of the Treaty on 12 June 2008 by the Irish electorate has created uncertainty in this regard.+The Treaty of Lisbon (also known as the Reform Treaty) is a treaty designed to streamline the workings of the European Union (EU) with amendments to the Treaty on European Union (TEU, Maastricht) and the Treaty establishing the European Community (TEC, Rome), the latter being renamed Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) in the process. [[Image:Treaty of Lisbon meeting.jpg|200px|left]][[Image:EU flag.jpg|right|200px]]The stated aim of the treaty is "to complete the process started by the Treaty of Amsterdam and by the Treaty of Nice with a view to enhancing the efficiency and democratic legitimacy of the Union and to improving the coherence of its action". Prominent changes introduced with the Treaty of Lisbon include more qualified majority voting in the EU Council, increased involvement of the European Parliament in the legislative process through extended codecision with the EU Council, reduction of the number of Commissioners from 27 to 18, eliminating the pillar system, and the creation of a President of the European Council and a High Representative for Foreign Affairs to present a united position on EU policies (see more below). If ratified, the Treaty of Lisbon would also make the Charter of Fundamental Rights (human rights provisions) legally binding. The negotiations on modifying the EU institutions began in 2001, first resulting in the European Constitution, which failed due to rejection in two referendums. The Treaty of Lisbon was signed on 13 December 2007 in Lisbon (as Portugal held the EU Council's Presidency at the time), and was planned to have been ratified in all member states by the end of 2008, so it could come into force before the 2009 European elections. However, the rejection of the Treaty on 12 June 2008 by the Irish electorate has created uncertainty in this regard.
''For further background, see [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Lisbon Wikipedia's article on the Treaty of Lisbon].'' ''For further background, see [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty_of_Lisbon Wikipedia's article on the Treaty of Lisbon].''
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-===Centralization/sovereignty: Is greater centralization a good thing? ===+===Another Constitution? Is the Lisbon Treaty just another EU Constitution?===
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-|WRITE SUBQUESTION BETWEEN "=== ===" width="45%" bgcolor="#FFFAE0" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"|+|width="45%" bgcolor="#FFFAE0" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"|
====Yes==== ====Yes====
-*'''[[Argument: Lisbon better decentralizes power to national governments (subsidiarity)| Lisbon better decentralizes power to national governments (subsidiarity)]]''' - [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/faq/index_en.htm#1 "Treaty of Lisbon. Questions and Answers". Europea.eu] - "Will national parliaments have a greater say in European affairs? [...] Yes. National parliaments are for the first time fully recognised as part of the democratic fabric of the European Union. Special arrangements are made to help national parliaments to become more closely involved in the work of the Union."  
-*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty reforms the EU; it does not give it broad new powers| Lisbon Treaty reforms the EU; it does not give it broad new powers]]''' The Lisbon Treaty does not add sweeping new powers to the EU over national governments. Rather, it clarifies existing powers and responsibilities, and streamlines the relations between the EU and national governments so that they can work more effectively.+*'''[[Argument: The Lisbon Treaty is not a veiled EU Constitution| The Lisbon Treaty is not a veiled EU Constitution]]''' [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6901353.stm "Q&A: The Lisbon Treaty". BBC. 1 July 2008] - If it contains the same substance, why is the Lisbon Treaty not a constitution?
-*'''Further integration via Lisbon is the right vision for Europe.''' [http://www.voxeu.org/index.php?q=node/1258 Alberto Alesina. "Europe Was Going Too Far". 22 June 2008] - "We think it should be about deep economic integration and the coordination of policies with clearly identifiable cross-national externalities. Nothing more, nothing less."+:The constitution attempted to replace all earlier EU treaties and start afresh, whereas the new treaty amends the Treaty on the European Union (Maastricht) and the Treaty Establishing the European Community (Rome).
 +:It also drops all reference to the symbols of the EU - the flag, the anthem and the motto - though these will continue to exist."
-|WRITE CONTENT FOR THE "YES" BOX ABOVE THIS CODE width="45%" bgcolor="#F2FAFB" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top: 0.5em;"| 
-====No==== 
-*'''[[Argument: Lisbon's new powers for parliaments are mere oversight powers]]''' [http://www.no2lisbon.ie/media/LisbonAlternativeGuide1.pdf "An alternative guide to the Lisbon Treaty". Sinn Fein, Liberal Irish political party.] - "Parliaments in member states Parliaments in member states are to be given two new mechanisms for monitoring proposed EU laws...These new powers for member state parliaments are minimal oversight powers, nothing more."+|width="45%" bgcolor="#F2FAFB" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"|
-*'''[[Argument: The Lisbon Treaty threatens the sovereignty of EU states| The Lisbon Treaty threatens the sovereignty of EU states]]''' [http://www.heritage.org/Research/Europe/bg2109.cfm Sally McNamara. "The EU Reform Treaty: A Threat to the Transatlantic Alliance". Heritage Foundation. February 20, 2008] - "The new Treaty poses the biggest threat to national sovereignty in Europe since the Second World War." +====No====
-*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty strips countries of the right to decide values| Lisbon Treaty strips countries of the right to decide values]]''' The cost of centralization is mainly that uniform policies are imposed on heterogeneous populations. This means that policies developed in EU institutions are imposed on European countries and populations that may completely oppose those policies.+*'''[[Argument: The Lisbon Treaty simply repackages the failed EU Constitution| The Lisbon Treaty simply repackages the failed EU Constitution]]''' [http://www.lisbonvote.com/ "The Case for no vote". Lisbon Treaty Information Campaign] - "Lisbon is the EU Constitution in another guise – it’s just been repackaged as a Treaty because it was soundly rejected by French and Dutch voters in 2005. Lisbon retains 96% of the EU Constitution, and makes it very clear that EU law will be superior to the Irish Constitution. This means your constitutional rights can be overruled."
-*'''One can support the EU and centralization while objecting to Lisbon.''' [http://www.no2lisbon.ie/media/LisbonAlternativeGuide1.pdf "An alternative guide to the Lisbon Treaty". Sinn Fein, Liberal Irish political party.] - You can support the EU and be against the Lisbon Treaty. You can support the EU and still want to see democracy and accountability. You can support the EU and still believe that our government should use their position positively and not go along with what suits the larger countries.+:German Chancellor Angela Merkel German Chancellor said about the Lisbon Treaty, "The substance of the constitution is preserved. That is a fact."[http://www.no2lisbon.ie/media/LisbonAlternativeGuide1.pdf]
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|WRITE CONTENT FOR THE "NO" BOX ABOVE THIS CODE colspan="2" width="45%" bgcolor="#F2F2F2" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top: 0.5em ;"| |WRITE CONTENT FOR THE "NO" BOX ABOVE THIS CODE colspan="2" width="45%" bgcolor="#F2F2F2" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top: 0.5em ;"|
-===Another Constitution? Is the Lisbon Treaty just another EU Constitution?===+===Centralization/sovereignty: Is greater centralization a good thing? ===
|- |-
-|width="45%" bgcolor="#FFFAE0" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"|+|WRITE SUBQUESTION BETWEEN "=== ===" width="45%" bgcolor="#FFFAE0" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"|
====Yes==== ====Yes====
 +*'''[[Argument: Lisbon better decentralizes power to national governments (subsidiarity)| Lisbon better decentralizes power to national governments (subsidiarity)]]''' - [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/faq/index_en.htm#1 "Treaty of Lisbon. Questions and Answers". Europea.eu] - "Will national parliaments have a greater say in European affairs? [...] Yes. National parliaments are for the first time fully recognised as part of the democratic fabric of the European Union. Special arrangements are made to help national parliaments to become more closely involved in the work of the Union."
-*'''[[Argument: The Lisbon Treaty is not a veiled EU Constitution| The Lisbon Treaty is not a veiled EU Constitution]]''' [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6901353.stm "Q&A: The Lisbon Treaty". BBC. 1 July 2008] - If it contains the same substance, why is the Lisbon Treaty not a constitution?+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty reforms the EU; it does not give it broad new powers| Lisbon Treaty reforms the EU; it does not give it broad new powers]]''' The Lisbon Treaty does not add sweeping new powers to the EU over national governments. Rather, it clarifies existing powers and responsibilities, and streamlines the relations between the EU and national governments so that they can work more effectively.
-:The constitution attempted to replace all earlier EU treaties and start afresh, whereas the new treaty amends the Treaty on the European Union (Maastricht) and the Treaty Establishing the European Community (Rome).+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon treaty integration is right vision for Europe| Lisbon treaty integration is right vision for Europe]]''' [http://www.voxeu.org/index.php?q=node/1258 Alberto Alesina. "Europe Was Going Too Far". 22 June 2008] - "We think it should be about deep economic integration and the coordination of policies with clearly identifiable cross-national externalities. Nothing more, nothing less."
-:It also drops all reference to the symbols of the EU - the flag, the anthem and the motto - though these will continue to exist."  
 +|WRITE CONTENT FOR THE "YES" BOX ABOVE THIS CODE width="45%" bgcolor="#F2FAFB" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top: 0.5em;"|
 +====No====
-|width="45%" bgcolor="#F2FAFB" style="border:1px solid #BAC5FD;padding:.4em;padding-top:0.5em;"|+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon's new powers for parliaments are mere oversight powers| Lisbon's new powers for parliaments are mere oversight powers]]''' [http://www.no2lisbon.ie/media/LisbonAlternativeGuide1.pdf "An alternative guide to the Lisbon Treaty". Sinn Fein, Liberal Irish political party.] - "Parliaments in member states Parliaments in member states are to be given two new mechanisms for monitoring proposed EU laws...These new powers for member state parliaments are minimal oversight powers, nothing more."
-====No====+*'''[[Argument: The Lisbon Treaty threatens the sovereignty of EU states| The Lisbon Treaty threatens the sovereignty of EU states]]''' [http://www.heritage.org/Research/Europe/bg2109.cfm Sally McNamara. "The EU Reform Treaty: A Threat to the Transatlantic Alliance". Heritage Foundation. February 20, 2008] - "The new Treaty poses the biggest threat to national sovereignty in Europe since the Second World War."
-*'''[[Argument: The Lisbon Treaty simply repackages the failed EU Constitution| The Lisbon Treaty simply repackages the failed EU Constitution]]''' [http://www.lisbonvote.com/ "The Case for no vote". Lisbon Treaty Information Campaign] - "Lisbon is the EU Constitution in another guise – it’s just been repackaged as a Treaty because it was soundly rejected by French and Dutch voters in 2005. Lisbon retains 96% of the EU Constitution, and makes it very clear that EU law will be superior to the Irish Constitution. This means your constitutional rights can be overruled."+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty strips countries of the right to decide values| Lisbon Treaty strips countries of the right to decide values]]''' The cost of centralization is mainly that uniform policies are imposed on heterogeneous populations. This means that policies developed in EU institutions are imposed on European countries and populations that may completely oppose those policies.
-:German Chancellor Angela Merkel German Chancellor said about the Lisbon Treaty, "The substance of the constitution is preserved. That is a fact."[http://www.no2lisbon.ie/media/LisbonAlternativeGuide1.pdf]+*'''[[Argument: One can support EU and centralization while objecting to Lisbon| One can support EU and centralization, while objecting to Lisbon]]''' [http://www.no2lisbon.ie/media/LisbonAlternativeGuide1.pdf "An alternative guide to the Lisbon Treaty". Sinn Fein, Liberal Irish political party.] - "You can support the EU and be against the Lisbon Treaty. You can support the EU and still want to see democracy and accountability. You can support the EU and still believe that our government should use their position positively and not go along with what suits the larger countries."
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*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty modernizes EU governance and democratic processes| Lisbon Treaty modernizes EU governance and democratic processes]]''' [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/index_en.htm "Treaty of Lisbon. Taking Europe into the 21st century". Europa.eu.] - "Taking Europe into the 21st century. The Treaty signed by the Heads of State or Government of the 27 Member States in Lisbon on 13 December 2007 will provide the EU with modern institutions and optimised working methods to tackle both efficiently and effectively today's challenges in today's world. In a rapidly changing world, Europeans look to the EU to address issues such as globalisation, climatic and demographic changes, security and energy. The Treaty of Lisbon will reinforce democracy in the EU and its capacity to promote the interests of its citizens on a day-to-day basis." *'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty modernizes EU governance and democratic processes| Lisbon Treaty modernizes EU governance and democratic processes]]''' [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/index_en.htm "Treaty of Lisbon. Taking Europe into the 21st century". Europa.eu.] - "Taking Europe into the 21st century. The Treaty signed by the Heads of State or Government of the 27 Member States in Lisbon on 13 December 2007 will provide the EU with modern institutions and optimised working methods to tackle both efficiently and effectively today's challenges in today's world. In a rapidly changing world, Europeans look to the EU to address issues such as globalisation, climatic and demographic changes, security and energy. The Treaty of Lisbon will reinforce democracy in the EU and its capacity to promote the interests of its citizens on a day-to-day basis."
-*'''Lisbon treaty amends EU and EC treaties without replacing them.''' [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/index_en.htm "Treaty of Lisbon. Taking Europe into the 21st century". Europa.eu.] - "On 13 December 2007, EU leaders signed the Treaty of Lisbon, thus bringing to an end several years of negotiation about institutional issues[...]The Treaty of Lisbon amends the current EU and EC treaties, without replacing them."+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon treaty amends EU/EC treaties w/o replacing them| Lisbon treaty amends EU/EC treaties w/o replacing them]]''' [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/index_en.htm "Treaty of Lisbon. Taking Europe into the 21st century". Europa.eu.] - "On 13 December 2007, EU leaders signed the Treaty of Lisbon, thus bringing to an end several years of negotiation about institutional issues[...]The Treaty of Lisbon amends the current EU and EC treaties, without replacing them."
-*Lisbon Treaty recognizes right of states to withdraw from EU.+*'''Lisbon Treaty recognizes right of states to withdraw from EU.'''
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====Yes==== ====Yes====
-*'''[[Argument: The Lisbon Treaty generally makes the EU more democratic| The Lisbon Treaty generally makes the EU more democratic]]''' [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/faq/index_en.htm#1 "Treaty of Lisbon. Questions and Answers". Europea.eu] - "Does the Treaty of Lisbon make the decision-making process more democratic?+*'''[[Argument: The Lisbon Treaty generally makes the EU more democratic| The Lisbon Treaty generally makes the EU more democratic]]''' [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/faq/index_en.htm#1 "Treaty of Lisbon. Questions and Answers". Europea.eu] - "Does the Treaty of Lisbon make the decision-making process more democratic? Yes. The Treaty of Lisbon will increase the number of policy areas where the directly elected European Parliament has to approve EU legislation together with the Council comprised of national Ministers (the “co-decision” procedure). The Treaty of Lisbon strengthens the democratic control of the European Union with a stronger role for both the European Parliament and national parliaments. It will establish a clearer distribution of powers between the Union and the Member States, which will make it easier for the citizens to understand 'who does what'."
- +
-:Yes. The Treaty of Lisbon will increase the number of policy areas where the directly elected European Parliament has to approve EU legislation together with the Council comprised of national Ministers (the “co-decision” procedure).+
- +
-:The Treaty of Lisbon strengthens the democratic control of the European Union with a stronger role for both the European Parliament and national parliaments.+
- +
-:It will establish a clearer distribution of powers between the Union and the Member States, which will make it easier for the citizens to understand 'who does what'."+
*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty gives citizens greater voice| Lisbon Treaty gives citizens greater voice]]''' [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/index_en.htm "Treaty of Lisbon. Taking Europe into the 21st century". Europa.eu.] - A stronger voice for citizens: thanks to the Citizens' Initiative, one million citizens from a number of Member States will have the possibility to call on the Commission to bring forward new policy proposals. *'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty gives citizens greater voice| Lisbon Treaty gives citizens greater voice]]''' [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/index_en.htm "Treaty of Lisbon. Taking Europe into the 21st century". Europa.eu.] - A stronger voice for citizens: thanks to the Citizens' Initiative, one million citizens from a number of Member States will have the possibility to call on the Commission to bring forward new policy proposals.
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*'''[[Argument: Most EU citizens have not been given a vote on Lisbon Treaty| Most EU citizens have not been given a vote on Lisbon Treaty]]''' [http://www.heritage.org/Research/Europe/bg2109.cfm Sally McNamara. "The EU Reform Treaty: A Threat to the Transatlantic Alliance". Heritage Foundation. February 20, 2008] - "The notion that the people of Europe should not have a vote on a treaty with huge implications for the future of the continent demonstrates the utter contempt that the Brussels bureaucracy has for the average man or woman on the street. There is no doubt that if the treaty were put to a popular vote, the electorates of several countries would reject it. The whole "European Project" is fundamentally undemocratic, unaccountable, and opaque. If subjected to referenda across the EU, it would almost certainly be consigned to the dustbin of history." *'''[[Argument: Most EU citizens have not been given a vote on Lisbon Treaty| Most EU citizens have not been given a vote on Lisbon Treaty]]''' [http://www.heritage.org/Research/Europe/bg2109.cfm Sally McNamara. "The EU Reform Treaty: A Threat to the Transatlantic Alliance". Heritage Foundation. February 20, 2008] - "The notion that the people of Europe should not have a vote on a treaty with huge implications for the future of the continent demonstrates the utter contempt that the Brussels bureaucracy has for the average man or woman on the street. There is no doubt that if the treaty were put to a popular vote, the electorates of several countries would reject it. The whole "European Project" is fundamentally undemocratic, unaccountable, and opaque. If subjected to referenda across the EU, it would almost certainly be consigned to the dustbin of history."
-*'''Lisbon Treaty merely re-packaged EU constitution without referendums.''' [http://www.no2lisbon.ie/media/LisbonAlternativeGuide1.pdf "An alternative guide to the Lisbon Treaty". Sinn Fein, Liberal Irish political party.] - "It is an open secret that the cosmetic changes made to the constitution were motivated by a desire to avoid referendums in member states. Giuliano Amato, former Italian Prime Minister and Vice-Chair of the Convention which drew up the EU Constitution observed that 'The good thing about not calling it a Constitution is that no one can ask for a referendum on it.'"+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon re-packaged EU Constitution without "risk" of referendums| Lisbon re-packaged EU Constitution without "risk" of referendums]]''' [http://www.no2lisbon.ie/media/LisbonAlternativeGuide1.pdf "An alternative guide to the Lisbon Treaty". Sinn Fein, Liberal Irish political party.] - "It is an open secret that the cosmetic changes made to the constitution were motivated by a desire to avoid referendums in member states. Giuliano Amato, former Italian Prime Minister and Vice-Chair of the Convention which drew up the EU Constitution observed that 'The good thing about not calling it a Constitution is that no one can ask for a referendum on it.'"
-*'''Lisbon Treaty allows future changes to the treaty without referendums.''' [http://www.no2lisbon.ie/media/LisbonAlternativeGuide1.pdf "An alternative guide to the Lisbon Treaty". Sinn Fein, Liberal Irish political party.] - "It puts at risk our automatic right to a referendum on future changes to existing treaties."+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty can "amend itself" without approval by states| Lisbon Treaty can "amend itself" without approval by states]]''' [http://www.no2lisbon.ie/media/LisbonAlternativeGuide1.pdf "An alternative guide to the Lisbon Treaty". Sinn Fein, Liberal Irish political party.] - "It puts at risk our automatic right to a referendum on future changes to existing treaties."
 + 
 +*'''Under Lisbon Treaty, European Commission is not elected by the people.''' The European Commission is responsible for proposing new legislation, but its commissioners will not be elected by Europeans. This is an unrepresentative form of governance.
*'''[[Argument: Lisbon is a treaty of the EU's arrogant political elite| Lisbon is a treaty of the EU's arrogant political elite]]''' [http://www.workerspartyireland.net/lisbon.html "The worker's party of Ireland. Lisbon Treaty Referendum 2008 Analysis"] - "The Lisbon treaty has been defeated by the Irish people. This is a notable victory for democracy not only in Ireland but right across the 27 countries which constitute the present EU. It shows once again the clear divide that exists between the views, hopes and aspirations of the peoples of the EU and the plans of the tiny military, business and bureaucratic elite who dominate the structures and decision-making processes within the EU." *'''[[Argument: Lisbon is a treaty of the EU's arrogant political elite| Lisbon is a treaty of the EU's arrogant political elite]]''' [http://www.workerspartyireland.net/lisbon.html "The worker's party of Ireland. Lisbon Treaty Referendum 2008 Analysis"] - "The Lisbon treaty has been defeated by the Irish people. This is a notable victory for democracy not only in Ireland but right across the 27 countries which constitute the present EU. It shows once again the clear divide that exists between the views, hopes and aspirations of the peoples of the EU and the plans of the tiny military, business and bureaucratic elite who dominate the structures and decision-making processes within the EU."
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*'''Lisbon creates co-decision-making in European Parliament and Council.''' *'''Lisbon creates co-decision-making in European Parliament and Council.'''
-*'''Lisbon Treaty clarifies functions of EU parts.''' [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/glance/index_en.htm "Treaty of Lisbon. The Treaty at a glance". Europa.] - "What does what: the relationship between the Member States and the European Union will become clearer with the categorisation of competences." +*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty clarifies functions between EU members| Lisbon Treaty clarifies functions between EU members]]''' [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/glance/index_en.htm "Treaty of Lisbon. The Treaty at a glance". Europa.] - "What does what: the relationship between the Member States and the European Union will become clearer with the categorisation of competences."
 + 
 +*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty will move EU beyond out-of-date Nice Treaty|Lisbon Treaty will move EU beyond out-of-date Nice Treaty]].'''
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*'''[[Argument: The Lisbon Treaty threatens the neutrality of EU member states| The Lisbon Treaty threatens the neutrality of EU member states]]''' Many European countries have neutral foreign policies, including Switzerland and Ireland. The Lisbon Treaty and further integration would place the in the position of having to go along with central EU foreign policies. *'''[[Argument: The Lisbon Treaty threatens the neutrality of EU member states| The Lisbon Treaty threatens the neutrality of EU member states]]''' Many European countries have neutral foreign policies, including Switzerland and Ireland. The Lisbon Treaty and further integration would place the in the position of having to go along with central EU foreign policies.
-*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty threatens Anglo-American and transatlantic relations| Lisbon Treaty threatens Anglo-American and transatlantic relations]]''' [http://www.heritage.org/Research/Europe/bg2109.cfm Sally McNamara. "The EU Reform Treaty: A Threat to the Transatlantic Alliance". Heritage Foundation. February 20, 2008] - "For both sides of the Atlantic, the Lisbon Treaty is bad news. The treaty poses a massive threat to the future of the Anglo-American Special Relationship as well as the broader transatlantic alliance. It will further entrench Europe's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP), both major threats to the future of NATO, and will seriously impair the ability of America's allies in Europe to stand alongside the United States where and when they choose to do so.+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty threatens Anglo-American and transatlantic relations| Lisbon Treaty threatens Anglo-American and transatlantic relations]]''' [http://www.heritage.org/Research/Europe/bg2109.cfm Sally McNamara. "The EU Reform Treaty: A Threat to the Transatlantic Alliance". Heritage Foundation. February 20, 2008] - "For both sides of the Atlantic, the Lisbon Treaty is bad news. The treaty poses a massive threat to the future of the Anglo-American Special Relationship as well as the broader transatlantic alliance. It will further entrench Europe's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP), both major threats to the future of NATO, and will seriously impair the ability of America's allies in Europe to stand alongside the United States where and when they choose to do so. [...] An America without Britain alongside it would be far more isolated and friendless and significantly less able to project power on the world stage. For Washington, there is no real alternative to the Special Relationship. Its collapse would be damaging to America's standing as a global power and would significantly weaken her leadership of the war against Islamist terrorism."
- +
-:An America without Britain alongside it would be far more isolated and friendless and significantly less able to project power on the world stage. For Washington, there is no real alternative to the Special Relationship. Its collapse would be damaging to America's standing as a global power and would significantly weaken her leadership of the war against Islamist terrorism."+
*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty nefariously aims to create an EU superstate| Lisbon Treaty nefariously aims to create an EU superstate]]''' [http://www.heritage.org/Research/Europe/bg2109.cfm Sally McNamara. "The EU Reform Treaty: A Threat to the Transatlantic Alliance". Heritage Foundation. February 20, 2008] - "A Blueprint for a European Superstate *'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty nefariously aims to create an EU superstate| Lisbon Treaty nefariously aims to create an EU superstate]]''' [http://www.heritage.org/Research/Europe/bg2109.cfm Sally McNamara. "The EU Reform Treaty: A Threat to the Transatlantic Alliance". Heritage Foundation. February 20, 2008] - "A Blueprint for a European Superstate
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====Yes==== ====Yes====
-*'''European Council presidency is stable and streamlined under Lisbon.''' [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/glance/index_en.htm "Treaty of Lisbon. The Treaty at a glance". Europa.] - "A more stable and streamlined institutional framework: the Treaty of Lisbon creates the function of President of the European Council elected for two and a half years, introduces a direct link between the election of the Commission President and the results of the European elections, provides for new arrangements for the future composition of the European Parliament and for a smaller Commission, and includes clearer rules on enhanced cooperation and financial provisions."+*'''[[Argument: European Council presidency is streamlined under Lisbon| European Council presidency is streamlined under Lisbon]]''' [http://europa.eu/lisbon_treaty/glance/index_en.htm "Treaty of Lisbon. The Treaty at a glance". Europa.] - "A more stable and streamlined institutional framework: the Treaty of Lisbon creates the function of President of the European Council elected for two and a half years, introduces a direct link between the election of the Commission President and the results of the European elections, provides for new arrangements for the future composition of the European Parliament and for a smaller Commission, and includes clearer rules on enhanced cooperation and financial provisions."
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*'''The Lisbon Treaty will result in taxation without representation.''' *'''The Lisbon Treaty will result in taxation without representation.'''
-*'''The Lisbon Treaty will increase taxes for many EU citizens.''' [http://www.lisbonvote.com/ "The Case for a no vote. You'll pay the price: taxes". Lisbon Treaty Information Campaign.]+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty will increase taxes for many EU citizens| Lisbon Treaty will increase taxes for many EU citizens]]''' [http://www.lisbonvote.com/ "The Case for a no vote. You'll pay the price: taxes". Lisbon Treaty Information Campaign.]
-*'''Lisbon Treaty would increase taxes in countries that rely on low ones.''' [http://www.lisbonvote.com/ Lisbon Treaty Information Center. "Case for No Vote"] - "The Lisbon Treaty would allow the EU to change our current low tax regime, with disastrous effects for Irish workers and multinational companies attracted here by our low tax rate."+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty increases taxes on countries relying on low ones| Lisbon Treaty increases taxes on countries relying on low ones]]''' [http://www.lisbonvote.com/ Lisbon Treaty Information Center. "Case for No Vote"] - "The Lisbon Treaty would allow the EU to change our current low tax regime, with disastrous effects for Irish workers and multinational companies attracted here by our low tax rate."
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====No==== ====No====
-*'''Countries will regret handing full control over borders and immigration to the EU.''' [http://www.lisbonvote.com/ "The Case for a no vote. You'll Pay the Price. Wages and jobs". Lisbon Treaty Information Center.] - "Our government should have looked for a special protocol to protect Irish workers from the effect of this judgement. Instead they have agreed to make matters even worse by handing full control over our immigration policy to the EU. We'll be forced to accept the common EU policy on immigration and asylum - even when immigrants are coming from countries outside the EU."+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty would lead to immigrants taking jobs| Lisbon Treaty would lead to immigrants taking jobs]]''' [http://www.lisbonvote.com/ "The Case for a no vote. You'll Pay the Price. Wages and jobs". Lisbon Treaty Information Center.] - "Our government should have looked for a special protocol to protect Irish workers from the effect of this judgement. Instead they have agreed to make matters even worse by handing full control over our immigration policy to the EU. We'll be forced to accept the common EU policy on immigration and asylum - even when immigrants are coming from countries outside the EU."
-*'''The Lisbon Treaty would lead to immigrants taking jobs.'''  
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====Yes==== ====Yes====
-*'''Further Lisbon Treaty integration will benefit economies of EU countries.''' [http://www.joanburton.ie/?postid=823 "Lisbon Reform Treaty - good for women, good for Ireland and good for Europe." Labour party of Ireland. 19 Mar. 2008] - "Membership of the EU has been a resounding success for the Irish economy. It has allowed us to grow from being one of the poorest members upon joining in 1973 to now being one of its most well off. We have benefited to the tune of many billions of euro from European structural funds. By giving us access to a market of half a billion people for our exports, the future importance of the EU to our economy should not be underestimated, especially when media reports are focussing on the downturn in the US and the weakening dollar."+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty integration benefits economies of EU countries| Lisbon Treaty integration benefits economies of EU countries]]''' [http://www.joanburton.ie/?postid=823 "Lisbon Reform Treaty - good for women, good for Ireland and good for Europe." Labour party of Ireland. 19 Mar. 2008] - "Membership of the EU has been a resounding success for the Irish economy. It has allowed us to grow from being one of the poorest members upon joining in 1973 to now being one of its most well off. We have benefited to the tune of many billions of euro from European structural funds. By giving us access to a market of half a billion people for our exports, the future importance of the EU to our economy should not be underestimated, especially when media reports are focussing on the downturn in the US and the weakening dollar."
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====No==== ====No====
-*'''The Lisbon Treaty will limit national economic sovereignty.''' [http://www.lisbonvote.com/ "The case for a no vote. Foreign investment in Ireland." Lisbon Treaty Information Campaign] - "Lisbon may also be used to limit Ireland's right to encourage foreign direct investment - In other words to prevent us wooing foreign companies here with promises of state aid. Given that a significant number of Irish people are employed by such companies, giving this power to the EU is a dangerous step for Ireland. Our country should never have allowed our country to come under the control of the Common Commercial Policy under Lisbon. The truth is, unless Lisbon is defeated, we are in danger of losing control over our economy."+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty limits national economic sovereignty| Lisbon Treaty limits national economic sovereignty]]''' [http://www.lisbonvote.com/ "The case for a no vote. Foreign investment in Ireland." Lisbon Treaty Information Campaign] - "Lisbon may also be used to limit Ireland's right to encourage foreign direct investment - In other words to prevent us wooing foreign companies here with promises of state aid. Given that a significant number of Irish people are employed by such companies, giving this power to the EU is a dangerous step for Ireland. Our country should never have allowed our country to come under the control of the Common Commercial Policy under Lisbon. The truth is, unless Lisbon is defeated, we are in danger of losing control over our economy."
*'''Lisbon Treaty prevents states from attracting companies with low taxes.''' Ireland is a good example of a state that protested the Lisbon Treaty on the basis that it would constrain its ability to use its low taxes to attract foreign companies to do business in Ireland. This is a concern in all states that use their lower taxes and other incentives to attract foreign companies. *'''Lisbon Treaty prevents states from attracting companies with low taxes.''' Ireland is a good example of a state that protested the Lisbon Treaty on the basis that it would constrain its ability to use its low taxes to attract foreign companies to do business in Ireland. This is a concern in all states that use their lower taxes and other incentives to attract foreign companies.
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====No==== ====No====
-*'''Lisbon Treaty will reduce the power of small countries.''' [http://www.lisbonvote.com/ "The Case for a No Vote". Lisbon Treaty Information Campaign] - "Already two-thirds of our laws are made in Brussels. But Lisbon transfers more power from you – the Irish voter – to the EU. We lose our EU Commissioner and removes decision -making from the Dáil in 32 areas, giving you less power [...] If the Lisbon Treaty is passed our voting weight in the EU Council of Ministers will be slashed by 60%. Germany’s power and influence, on the other hand, will increase by 100%. Lisbon means our voice is weaker in the EU and we lose the power to be heard [...] Lisbon is a power-grab by the big EU states, whose larger populations would give them the biggest say in deciding EU laws. It’s a bad deal for Ireland."+*'''[[Argument: Lisbon Treaty will reduce power of small countries| Lisbon Treaty will reduce power of small countries]]''' [http://www.lisbonvote.com/ "The Case for a No Vote". Lisbon Treaty Information Campaign] - "Already two-thirds of our laws are made in Brussels. But Lisbon transfers more power from you – the Irish voter – to the EU. We lose our EU Commissioner and removes decision -making from the Dáil in 32 areas, giving you less power [...] If the Lisbon Treaty is passed our voting weight in the EU Council of Ministers will be slashed by 60%. Germany’s power and influence, on the other hand, will increase by 100%. Lisbon means our voice is weaker in the EU and we lose the power to be heard [...] Lisbon is a power-grab by the big EU states, whose larger populations would give them the biggest say in deciding EU laws. It’s a bad deal for Ireland."
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===Alternatives: Are there any alternatives to the Lisbon Treaty? === ===Alternatives: Are there any alternatives to the Lisbon Treaty? ===
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====Yes==== ====Yes====
-*'''There are no good alternatives to the Lisbon Treaty.''' [http://www.ecfr.eu/content/entry/commentary_andrew_duff_why_ireland_must_say_yes_to_lisbon/ Andrew Duff. "Why Ireland must say ‘Yes' to Lisbon". Financial Times. 12 May 2008] - "The second big falsehood is that if Ireland says No, there will be something better on offer. There won't. The Treaty of Lisbon is the best we can do. It is not perfect, and, like the camel, not pretty. Someday it too will need to be revised. But Lisbon is today's consensus. There is no agreement to do anything else - certainly not to embrace the neo-communist agenda of Sinn Féin. This time, there really is no Plan B."+*'''[[Argument: No good alternatives to the Lisbon Treaty| No good alternatives to the Lisbon Treaty]]''' [http://www.ecfr.eu/content/entry/commentary_andrew_duff_why_ireland_must_say_yes_to_lisbon/ Andrew Duff. "Why Ireland must say ‘Yes' to Lisbon". Financial Times. 12 May 2008] - "The second big falsehood is that if Ireland says No, there will be something better on offer. There won't. The Treaty of Lisbon is the best we can do. It is not perfect, and, like the camel, not pretty. Someday it too will need to be revised. But Lisbon is today's consensus. There is no agreement to do anything else - certainly not to embrace the neo-communist agenda of Sinn Féin. This time, there really is no Plan B."
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''Click on the pencil icon and research and write arguments here'' ''Click on the pencil icon and research and write arguments here''
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 +==See also==
 +*[[Debate: European Union constitution]]
-===References:=== +==External links and resources==
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-===External links and resources:===+
*[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6901353.stm "Europe Q&A- The Lisbon Treaty" BBC News. 1 July 2008] *[http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6901353.stm "Europe Q&A- The Lisbon Treaty" BBC News. 1 July 2008]
*[http://www.independent.ie/special-features/your-eu/the-lisbon-treaty-for-dummies-1376340.html "The Lisbon Treaty for Dummies". Independent.ie. 15 May 2008] *[http://www.independent.ie/special-features/your-eu/the-lisbon-treaty-for-dummies-1376340.html "The Lisbon Treaty for Dummies". Independent.ie. 15 May 2008]
*[http://www.economist.com/world/europe/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10024471 "The EU Treaty-What Lisbon Contains". The Economist. 25 Oct 2007.] *[http://www.economist.com/world/europe/displaystory.cfm?story_id=10024471 "The EU Treaty-What Lisbon Contains". The Economist. 25 Oct 2007.]
-|} 
 +|}
-[[Category:Underdeveloped debates]]+[[Category:International politics]]
[[Category:Europe]] [[Category:Europe]]
[[Category:European Union]] [[Category:European Union]]
 +[[Category:EU Constitution]]
 +[[Category:International treaties]]
 +[[Category:Transnational government]]
 +[[Category:Constitution]]
 +[[Category:International]]
 +[[Category:History]]
 +[[Category:Political systems]]

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Is the EU Constitution reform treaty a good idea?

Background and context

The Treaty of Lisbon (also known as the Reform Treaty) is a treaty designed to streamline the workings of the European Union (EU) with amendments to the Treaty on European Union (TEU, Maastricht) and the Treaty establishing the European Community (TEC, Rome), the latter being renamed Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (TFEU) in the process.
The stated aim of the treaty is "to complete the process started by the Treaty of Amsterdam and by the Treaty of Nice with a view to enhancing the efficiency and democratic legitimacy of the Union and to improving the coherence of its action". Prominent changes introduced with the Treaty of Lisbon include more qualified majority voting in the EU Council, increased involvement of the European Parliament in the legislative process through extended codecision with the EU Council, reduction of the number of Commissioners from 27 to 18, eliminating the pillar system, and the creation of a President of the European Council and a High Representative for Foreign Affairs to present a united position on EU policies (see more below). If ratified, the Treaty of Lisbon would also make the Charter of Fundamental Rights (human rights provisions) legally binding. The negotiations on modifying the EU institutions began in 2001, first resulting in the European Constitution, which failed due to rejection in two referendums. The Treaty of Lisbon was signed on 13 December 2007 in Lisbon (as Portugal held the EU Council's Presidency at the time), and was planned to have been ratified in all member states by the end of 2008, so it could come into force before the 2009 European elections. However, the rejection of the Treaty on 12 June 2008 by the Irish electorate has created uncertainty in this regard.

For further background, see Wikipedia's article on the Treaty of Lisbon.

Contents

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Another Constitution? Is the Lisbon Treaty just another EU Constitution?

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Yes

The constitution attempted to replace all earlier EU treaties and start afresh, whereas the new treaty amends the Treaty on the European Union (Maastricht) and the Treaty Establishing the European Community (Rome).
It also drops all reference to the symbols of the EU - the flag, the anthem and the motto - though these will continue to exist."


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No

German Chancellor Angela Merkel German Chancellor said about the Lisbon Treaty, "The substance of the constitution is preserved. That is a fact."[1]
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Centralization/sovereignty: Is greater centralization a good thing?

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Yes


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No

  • Lisbon Treaty strips countries of the right to decide values The cost of centralization is mainly that uniform policies are imposed on heterogeneous populations. This means that policies developed in EU institutions are imposed on European countries and populations that may completely oppose those policies.
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Updates: Does Lisbon appropriately modernize past EU treaties?

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Yes

  • Lisbon Treaty modernizes EU governance and democratic processes "Treaty of Lisbon. Taking Europe into the 21st century". Europa.eu. - "Taking Europe into the 21st century. The Treaty signed by the Heads of State or Government of the 27 Member States in Lisbon on 13 December 2007 will provide the EU with modern institutions and optimised working methods to tackle both efficiently and effectively today's challenges in today's world. In a rapidly changing world, Europeans look to the EU to address issues such as globalisation, climatic and demographic changes, security and energy. The Treaty of Lisbon will reinforce democracy in the EU and its capacity to promote the interests of its citizens on a day-to-day basis."
  • Lisbon Treaty recognizes right of states to withdraw from EU.


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No

Jean-Claude Juncker, 23 June 2007 - "The constitutional treaty was an easily understandable treaty. This is a simplified treaty which is very complicated."
Graham Watson, MEP and leader of the ALDE group, 27 June 2007 - "The real casualty was idealism: losing the symbols of our Union and replacing the relative simplicity of the Constitutional Treaty with bureaucratic opaqueness is a pity. As a result, your new Amending Treaty reads like the instructions for building a Japanese pagoda translated into English by the Chinese middle-man."


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Democracy: will Lisbon improve the democratic practices of EU?

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Yes

  • The Lisbon Treaty generally makes the EU more democratic "Treaty of Lisbon. Questions and Answers". Europea.eu - "Does the Treaty of Lisbon make the decision-making process more democratic? Yes. The Treaty of Lisbon will increase the number of policy areas where the directly elected European Parliament has to approve EU legislation together with the Council comprised of national Ministers (the “co-decision” procedure). The Treaty of Lisbon strengthens the democratic control of the European Union with a stronger role for both the European Parliament and national parliaments. It will establish a clearer distribution of powers between the Union and the Member States, which will make it easier for the citizens to understand 'who does what'."
  • Lisbon Treaty responds to concerns raised by EU citizens "Treaty of Lisbon. Questions and Answers". Europea.eu - "The Treaty of Lisbon responds to concerns raised by European citizens. For example, the political commitment to tackle the twin challenges of climate change and energy policy is fully reflected in the Treaty. For the first time, the treaties will contain a section on energy which assigns to Union policy in this sector the objectives of ensuring the proper functioning of the energy market, in particular energy supply and the promotion of energy efficiency and energy saving, and the development of new and renewable forms of energy."
  • Lisbon Treaty improves transparency in the EU.
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No

  • Under Lisbon Treaty, European Commission is not elected by the people. The European Commission is responsible for proposing new legislation, but its commissioners will not be elected by Europeans. This is an unrepresentative form of governance.


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Efficiency: Will the Lisbon Treaty improve the efficiency of EU decision-making?

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Yes

Effective and efficient decision-making: qualified majority voting in the Council will be extended to new policy areas to make decision-making faster and more efficient. From 2014 on, the calculation of qualified majority will be based on the double majority of Member States and people, thus representing the dual legitimacy of the Union.A double majority will be achieved when a decision is taken by 55% of the Member States representing at least 65% of the Union’s population.
  • Lisbon creates co-decision-making in European Parliament and Council.


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No

  • The EU is streamlined and working well; no need for Lisbon. The EU is operating as well as it can, in the context of it being a union of sovereign nations with legitimate, independent interests. Any further "streamlining" risks stepping beyond these legitimate constraints.
Although the Lisbon Treaty is being sold as a simple reform measure, it actually goes far beyond that.
The Irish Government have claimed that the purpose of this Treaty is to streamline the legislative process in the European institutions - but experts say it doesn’t need streamlining!
A recent report by Professor Helen Wallace of the London School of Economics has found that legislation has actually progressed more swiftly since 2004 when ten new member states joined the EU.
Earlier this year, a report by the Science-Po University in Paris showed that new rules are now being adopted 25% faster than prior to enlargement and that the Nice Treaty voting arrangements generally seem to be working well.
The EU is in need of many reforms – but it needs to be made more democratic. It certainly shouldn’t be given a Treaty that allows it to seize more power at the expense of Irish sovereignty and democracy."


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Foreign policy: Will the Lisbon Treaty improve the EU's foreign policy?

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Yes

No. The European Union is asked to act when a coherent voice is needed on the international stage. A range of foreign policy issues are best addressed by the Member States of the European Union acting together.
The post of High Representative does not create new powers but streamlines EU external action avoiding duplication and confusion. He or she will act in foreign policy matters on the basis of decisions taken unanimously by the EU 27. He or she will complement not replace the foreign policy or diplomatic efforts of Member States."
Yes, this should be one of its major achievements. The Treaty of Lisbon sets out common principles and objectives for the Union’s external action: democracy, the rule of law, the universality and indivisibility of human rights and fundamental freedoms, respect for human dignity, the principles of equality and solidarity."
  • Lisbon Treaty gives greater coherence to EU foreign affairs.


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No

  • Lisbon Treaty threatens Anglo-American and transatlantic relations Sally McNamara. "The EU Reform Treaty: A Threat to the Transatlantic Alliance". Heritage Foundation. February 20, 2008 - "For both sides of the Atlantic, the Lisbon Treaty is bad news. The treaty poses a massive threat to the future of the Anglo-American Special Relationship as well as the broader transatlantic alliance. It will further entrench Europe's Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP) and the European Security and Defense Policy (ESDP), both major threats to the future of NATO, and will seriously impair the ability of America's allies in Europe to stand alongside the United States where and when they choose to do so. [...] An America without Britain alongside it would be far more isolated and friendless and significantly less able to project power on the world stage. For Washington, there is no real alternative to the Special Relationship. Its collapse would be damaging to America's standing as a global power and would significantly weaken her leadership of the war against Islamist terrorism."
Like the rejected constitution, the new Reform Treaty is also a blueprint for a European superstate dreamt up by unelected bureaucrats in Brussels. This time around, however, most of Europe doesn't get to vote, as democracy is too dangerous a concept for the architects of this grand vision of an EU superpower."


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Internal security: Will Lisbon improve EU internal security?

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Yes

  • Lisbon Treaty strengthens the EU's ability to secure Europe "Treaty of Lisbon. The Treaty at a glance". Europa. - "Improving the life of Europeans: the Treaty of Lisbon improves the EU's ability to act in several policy areas of major priority for today's Union and its citizens. This is the case in particular for the policy areas of freedom, security and justice, such as combating terrorism or tackling crime. It also concerns to some extent other areas including energy policy, public health, civil protection, climate change, services of general interest, research, space, territorial cohesion, commercial policy, humanitarian aid, sport, tourism and administrative cooperation."


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No

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Permanent President of the European Council: Is this an important feature of Lisbon?

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Yes

  • European Council presidency is streamlined under Lisbon "Treaty of Lisbon. The Treaty at a glance". Europa. - "A more stable and streamlined institutional framework: the Treaty of Lisbon creates the function of President of the European Council elected for two and a half years, introduces a direct link between the election of the Commission President and the results of the European elections, provides for new arrangements for the future composition of the European Parliament and for a smaller Commission, and includes clearer rules on enhanced cooperation and financial provisions."


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No

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Commissioners: Is it sensible to reduce the number of commissioners?

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Yes


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No

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Taxes: What would the Lisbon Treaty do to taxes?

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Yes

Not at all. The Treaty of Lisbon allows the EU to maintain and develop further the social achievements in full respect of national prerogatives.
A highly competitive social market economy, full employment and social progress are included amongst the Union’s objectives. The coordination of Member States’ economic policies and employment policies is within the sphere of competence of the Union, which allows for the possible coordination of Member States’ social policies."


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No

  • The Lisbon Treaty will result in taxation without representation.


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Immigration: Would Lisbon increase immigration and is this a good thing?

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Yes

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No


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Economics: Will the Lisbon Treaty be economically beneficial?

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Yes


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No

  • Lisbon Treaty prevents states from attracting companies with low taxes. Ireland is a good example of a state that protested the Lisbon Treaty on the basis that it would constrain its ability to use its low taxes to attract foreign companies to do business in Ireland. This is a concern in all states that use their lower taxes and other incentives to attract foreign companies.


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Environment: Does Lisbon strengthen the EU on the environment?

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Yes

  • Lisbon better reinforces EU sustainable development - "Treaty of Lisbon. Questions and Answers". Europea.eu - "Does the Treaty of Lisbon preserve what the EU has achieved for the environment? What about climate change? Yes, entirely. The Treaty of Lisbon states that one of the Union’s objectives is to work for the sustainable development of Europe based, in particular, on a high level of protection and improvement of the quality of the environment. Although the idea of sustainable development was included in the existing treaties, the Treaty of Lisbon will reinforce and better define this objective. Sustainable development is also affirmed as one of the fundamental objectives of the Union in its relations with the wider world."



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No

  • The Lisbon Treaty pays too little attention to climate change "An alternative guide to the Lisbon Treaty". Sinn Fein, Liberal Irish political party. - "Climate Change The Irish government has made great play of its “success” in having climate change introduced into the Treaty. However, this “addition” amounts to a mere 6 words that do not empower the EU to do anything it could not currently do under existing Treaty provisions. The relevant article states, “promoting measures at international level to deal with regional or worldwide environmental problems, and in particular combating climate change.” Indeed the current EU Climate Change package is based on the existing provisions. Considering the urgency of the climate change crisis, the fact the Irish government could only secure these six words, and nothing additional to the existing provisions, is an indication of the lack of seriousness in regard to this issue."


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Smaller states: Will Lisbon benefit or hurt small countries?

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Yes

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No

  • Lisbon Treaty will reduce power of small countries "The Case for a No Vote". Lisbon Treaty Information Campaign - "Already two-thirds of our laws are made in Brussels. But Lisbon transfers more power from you – the Irish voter – to the EU. We lose our EU Commissioner and removes decision -making from the Dáil in 32 areas, giving you less power [...] If the Lisbon Treaty is passed our voting weight in the EU Council of Ministers will be slashed by 60%. Germany’s power and influence, on the other hand, will increase by 100%. Lisbon means our voice is weaker in the EU and we lose the power to be heard [...] Lisbon is a power-grab by the big EU states, whose larger populations would give them the biggest say in deciding EU laws. It’s a bad deal for Ireland."


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Alternatives: Are there any alternatives to the Lisbon Treaty?

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Yes


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No

Click on the pencil icon and research and write arguments here


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Tactics: Are the tactics used by the various camps appropriate?

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Yes


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No

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Pro/con resources

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Yes

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No


See also

External links and resources

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