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Debate: Does Islam promote violence?

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Does Islam promote violence, or is it entirely a peaceful religion?

Background and context

The pro and con arguments:


"In their hearts is a disease, and Allah increaseth their disease. A painful doom is theirs because they lie." - Qur'an 2:10
"Or thinkest thou that most of them listen or understand? They are only like cattle; - nay, they are worse astray in Path." - Qur'an 25:44
"Verily those who believe not, among those who have received the scriptures, and among the idolaters, [shall be cast] into the fire of hell, to remain therein [for ever]. These are the worst of creatures." - Qur'an 98:6
"Fight those who believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, nor hold that forbidden which hath been forbidden by Allah and His Messenger, nor acknowledge the religion of Truth, (even if they are) of the People of the Book, until they pay the Jizya with willing submission, and feel themselves subdued." - Qur'an 9:29
"Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Apostle said, "The Hour will not be established until you fight with the Jews, and the stone behind which a Jew will be hiding will say. "O Muslim! There is a Jew hiding behind me, so kill him." - Sahih Bukhari 4:52:177, See Also Sahih Bukhari 4:52:176, Sahih Bukhari 4:56:791.
  • Islam's definition of Jihad allows for abusive misinterpretations. Islam says Jihad is holy war against an attacking nation. Yet, this can be interpreted by terrorists to mean that self-defense is justified if another nation is waging some kind of covert, economic, or social war on their nation. The West, for instance, is consistently considered to be engaged in hostile economic behavior toward Muslim nations through, for example, its oil contracts with Muslim nations. This is often interpreted by jihadist as a subtle form of war, justifying violence against the West. The problem here is that the Muslim religion sets a specific criteria for waging war that can be easily bent to justify Jihad and Jihadi terrorism.


Stated Allaah the Mighty and Majestic concerning one of the children of Aadam, {So the self of the other encouraged him, and made fair-seeming to him the murder of his brother. So he murdered him and became one of the losers.}, [Sooratul-Maa'idah, Aayah 30]

And Allaah the Mighty and Majestic said, {Due to that, We ordained for the Children of Israa'eel, that if anyone killed a person not in retaliation for murder, or to spread corruption in the land; it would be as if he had killed all of mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved all of mankind.}, [Sooratul-Maa'idah, Aayah 32]

The Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) said, «No one kills another person out of transgression, except that the burden for that falls upon the first son of Aadam, because he was the first one to begin the practice of killing.»[10] And Allaah the Mighty and Majestic said about His Messenger, Moosaa ('alayhis-salaam) that he said to Khidr, {Have you killed an innocent person who had killed none? Indeed, you have committed an evil thing!}, [Sooratul-Kahf, Aayah 74]

And Allaah said about him, {The man from his party asked him for help against his foe, so Moosaa struck him with his fist and killed him. He said, "Indeed, this is the work of Satan, since he is a plain misleading enemy." He said, "My Lord! Indeed, I have wronged myself, so forgive me." So He forgave him. Indeed, He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.}, [Sooratul-Qasas, Aayahs 15-16]

And there occurs in Saheeh Muslim (no.2905), from Saalim Ibn 'Abdullaah Ibn 'Umar, who said, 'O people of al-'Iraaq! How do you ask about the minor sin whilst you are committing the major sin?! I heard my father, 'Abdullaah Ibn 'Umar (radiyallaahu 'anhumaa) saying, 'I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) say, «Indeed, the fitnah (trial, tribulation) will come from here.» And he pointed with his hand towards the east. «And you will be striking the necks of each other.»

And Moosaa killed a person from amongst people of Fir'awn by mistake, so Allaah the Mighty and Majestic said to him, {Then you killed a man, but We saved you from great distress and tried you with a heavy trial.}, [Soorah Taa Haa, Aayah 40]."'

And the statement of Saalim Ibn 'Abdullaah, 'How do you ask about the minor sin whilst you are committing the major sin,' points out that which occurred from his father, as is related in Saheehul-Bukhaaree (no.5994), that a man from amongst the people of al-'Iraaq asked him about killing mosquitoes. So he said, 'Look at this one! He asks me about killing mosquitoes whilst they have killed the son of the Prophet (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam). And I heard the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) saying, «They are my two sweet basils in this world.» He was referring to al-Hasan and al-Husayn (radiyallaahu 'anhumaa).

And Allaah the Exalted said, {And We took your covenant, "Do not shed the blood of your people, nor turn your own people out from their dwellings." Then, you ratified this, and you shall bear witness to it.}, [Sooratul-Baqarah, Aayah 84]

And Allaah the Exalted said, {And We ordained therein for them, "Life for life, eye for eye, nose for nose, ear for ear, tooth for tooth, and wounds equal for equal." However, if anyone remits the retaliation by way of charity, it shall be for him an expiation.}, [Sooratul-Maa'idah, Aayah 45

  • Islam is a religion that is very concerned with peace. Back to the first period of Islam in Medina, Prophet Mohammad taught the follower to live in harmony with other people no matter they were jews or christian. This pact, known as medina charter, had made the relationship between the jews, moslem and christian in Medina had gone with very well. Even the Prophet Himself had declared that ANYONE who kill people with other religion beside Islam then that person will be against the Prophet.
  • Islam only allows for violence in self-defense. In Islam, the follower is only allowed to engage in violence ONLY if they were in danger caused by other parties. If that so, then they allowed to fight anyone to try to exterminate them like in Palestine.
  • The Quran does not encourage killing innocent civilians Nowhere in Quran it is mentioned that to attain JANNAT or heaven one needs to kill in the name of allah. However it is mentioned that if someone enters your territory driven by undue intentions then you must fight for your religion and your people. This may be true for any other religion as well fight for the right cause for your people. This is in no way related to violence. Misinterpretation of this logic has led to misguiding and misleading of various young muslims to the path of terrorism and violence.

Pro/con sources


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See also

External links and resources

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