Background and Context of Debate:
Although the ruling on abortion differs between judicial systems of different countries, even the most conservative countries such as Saudi Arabia now adopt the policy of permitting abortion when it endangers the life or physical wellbeing of the woman bearing the child to term. Most countries however, still don't allow abortion on grounds of the foetus's wellbeing, i.e. in the case of early detection of Down Syndrome or other physical deformities via amniocentesis, and chorionic villus sampling (CVS).
One of the few countries allowing for such abortions, Netherlands, is heavily criticized for condoning an abortion that is seen as an act of discrimination against the handicapped and disabled. Comparison of such ruling has been made with the Hitler regime's call to provide 'mercy of death' to those who are seen as 'incurable after thorough diagnosis of their ill condition'. A form of 'life unworthy of life' was characterized for those born with debilitating conditions has been opposed by many parties, particularly those against infanticide in general. They argue that an abortion done only after a prenatal diagnosis of incurable illness is not a matter of a person exercising their right to live they want to, because the act implies that they are ready for a child- only not THAT child, a form of discrimination.
People arguing for the choice to abort fetuses with detectable deformities cite a form of informed consent, when they are allowed to decide whether or not they want to bring to term a child that they would have to spend more energy and resources on due to his or her conditions.
In evaluating this issue, questions like: does parental choice supersede sanctity of life? is it discrimination and undermines the life of the handicapped? are among the main contentions of the debate.